[PDF] Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa

Clientelism and Patronage in the Middle East and North Africa PDF
Author: Laura Ruiz de Elvira
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135116922X
Size: 54.39 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 1716

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Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa

by Laura Ruiz de Elvira, release date 2018-07-17, Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa books, One common demand in the 2011 uprisings in the MENA region was the call for ‘freedom, dignity, and social justice.’ Citizens rallied against corruption and clientelism, which for many protesters were deeply linked to political tyranny. This book takes the phenomenon of the 2011 uprisings as a point of departure for reassessing clientelism and patronage across the entire MENA region. Using case studies covering Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and the Gulf monarchies, it looks at how the relationships within and between clientelist and patronage networks changed before 2011. The book assesses how these changes contributed to the destabilization of the established political and social order, and how they affected less visible political processes. It then turns to look at how the political transformations since 2011 have in turn reconfigured these networks in terms of strategies and dynamics, and concomitantly, what implications this has had for the inclusion or exclusion of new actors. Are specific networks expanding or shrinking in the post-2011 contexts? Do these networks reproduce established forms of patron-client relations or do they translate into new modes and mechanisms? As the first book to systematically discuss clientelism, patronage and corruption against the background of the 2011 uprisings, it will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern Studies. The book also addresses major debates in comparative politics and political sociology by offering ‘networks of dependency’ as an interdisciplinary conceptual approach that can ‘travel’ across place and time.




[PDF] Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa

Clientelism and Patronage in the Middle East and North Africa PDF
Author: Laura Ruiz de Elvira
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781351169240
Size: 71.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 583

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Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa

by Laura Ruiz de Elvira, release date 2018-07-17, Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Clientelism And Patronage In The Middle East And North Africa books, One common demand in the 2011 uprisings in the MENA region was the call for 'freedom, dignity, and social justice.' Citizens rallied against corruption and clientelism, which for many protesters were deeply linked to political tyranny. This book takes the phenomenon of the 2011 uprisings as a point of departure for reassessing clientelism and patronage across the entire MENA region. Using case studies covering Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and the Gulf monarchies, it looks at how the relationships within and between clientelist and patronage networks changed before 2011. The book assesses how these changes contributed to the destabilization of the established political and social order, and how they affected less visible political processes. It then turns to look at how the political transformations since 2011 have in turn reconfigured these networks in terms of strategies and dynamics, and concomitantly, what implications this has had for the inclusion or exclusion of new actors. Are specific networks expanding or shrinking in the post-2011 contexts? Do these networks reproduce established forms of patron-client relations or do they translate into new modes and mechanisms? As the first book to systematically discuss clientelism, patronage and corruption against the background of the 2011 uprisings, it will be a valuable resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern Studies. The book also addresses major debates in comparative politics and political sociology by offering 'networks of dependency' as an interdisciplinary conceptual approach that can 'travel' across place and time.




[PDF] The Autocratic Parliament

The Autocratic Parliament PDF
Author: Irene Weipert-Fenner
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 0815655010
Size: 70.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3982

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The Autocratic Parliament

by Irene Weipert-Fenner, release date 2020-03-23, The Autocratic Parliament Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Autocratic Parliament books, When protests erupted in response to the 2010 Egyptian parliament elections that were widely viewed as fraudulent, many wondered. Why now? Voters had never witnessed free and fair elections in the past, so why did these elicit such an outcry? To answer this question, Weipert-Fenner conducted the first study of politics in modern Egypt from a parliamentary perspective. Contrary to the prevailing opinion that autocratic parliaments are meaningless, token institutions, Weipert-Fenner’s long-term analysis shows that parliament can be an indicator, catalyst, and agent of change in an authoritarian regime. Comparing parliamentary dynamics over decades, Weipert-Fenner demonstrates that autocratic parliaments can grow stronger within a given political system. They can also become contentious when norms regarding policies, political actors, and institutions are violated on a large scale and/or at a fast pace. Most importantly, a parliament can even turn against the executive when parliamentary rights are withdrawn or when widely shared norms are violated. These and other recurrent patterns of institutional relations identified in The Autocratic Parliament help explain long spans of stable, yet never stagnant, authoritarian rule in colonial and postcolonial periods alike, as well as the different types of regime change that Egypt has witnessed: those brought about by external intervention, by revolution, or by military coup.




[PDF] Conflict In The Modern Middle East An Encyclopedia Of Civil War Revolutions And Regime Change

Conflict in the Modern Middle East  An Encyclopedia of Civil War  Revolutions  and Regime Change PDF
Author: Jonathan K. Zartman
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440865035
Size: 46.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 409
View: 2736

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Conflict In The Modern Middle East An Encyclopedia Of Civil War Revolutions And Regime Change

by Jonathan K. Zartman, release date 2020-03-31, Conflict In The Modern Middle East An Encyclopedia Of Civil War Revolutions And Regime Change Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Conflict In The Modern Middle East An Encyclopedia Of Civil War Revolutions And Regime Change books, This book provides detailed coverage of all the key conflict-related developments since the Arab Spring, a seminal event that began in December 2010 and continues to have major influence on events in the Middle East, North Africa, and beyond. This important reference offers readers a thorough understanding of the nature of the various conflicts that have erupted in the Middle East and North Africa following the Arab Spring. Clear and concise explanations of important concepts related to Islam, ideology, and ethnicity and the economic, social, and cultural forces propelling conflict and revolution in the region will enable readers to gain insight into key developments there. Biographical and organizational profiles combined with succinct overviews of each country provide a strong research foundation for students. The book offers detailed descriptions of the minority groups that have suffered violence from both the countries and the societies around them, sometimes generating refugee flows that engage neighboring states in security issues. It also discusses the role of women in the region during these turbulent times. Primary source documents and a chronology highlight political struggles to reach durable agreements and develop institutions to meet basic human needs in the modern Middle East. Covers military, political, and social topics connected with modern conflict in the Middle East in more than 200 A–Z entries Features contributions from dozens of distinguished scholars and independent historians from a variety of disciplines Includes illuminating overview essays on 22 countries in the Middle East and North Africa Supplements entries with primary source documents relevant to modern conflict in the Middle East




[PDF] Corruption And Informal Practices In The Middle East And North Africa

Corruption and Informal Practices in the Middle East and North Africa PDF
Author: Ina Kubbe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000760618
Size: 45.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4487

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Corruption And Informal Practices In The Middle East And North Africa

by Ina Kubbe, release date 2019-12-17, Corruption And Informal Practices In The Middle East And North Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Corruption And Informal Practices In The Middle East And North Africa books, This book investigates the pervasive problem of corruption across the Middle East and North Africa. Drawing on the specifics of the local context, the book explores how corruption in the region is actuated through informal practices that coexist and work in parallel to formal institutions. When informal practices become vehicles for corruption, they can have negative ripple effects across many aspects of society, but on the other hand, informal practices could also have the potential to be leveraged to reinforce formal institutions to help fight corruption. Drawing on a range of cases including Morocco, Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Tunisia or Israel the book first explores the mechanisms and dynamics of corruption and informal practices in the region, before looking at the successes and failures of anti-corruption initiatives. The final section focuses on gender perspectives on corruption, which are often overlooked in corruption literature, and the role of women in the Middle East. With insights drawn from a range of disciplines, this book will be of interest to researchers and students across political science, philosophy, socio-legal studies, public administration, and Middle Eastern studies, as well as to policy makers and practitioners working in the region.




[PDF] Socioeconomic Protests In Mena And Latin America

Socioeconomic Protests in MENA and Latin America PDF
Author: Irene Weipert-Fenner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030196216
Size: 54.90 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 274
View: 4558

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Socioeconomic Protests In Mena And Latin America

by Irene Weipert-Fenner, release date 2019-07-05, Socioeconomic Protests In Mena And Latin America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Socioeconomic Protests In Mena And Latin America books, This edited volume presents a detailed account of the dynamics of socioeconomic contention in Egypt and Tunisia since 2011. Combining quantitative and qualitative methods, it analyses what has happened to the socioeconomic grievances that played a key role in the mass mobilizations of 2010 and 2011. The book is based on an original data set of socioeconomic protests in the two countries and on in-depth case studies that cover the two most important types of socioeconomic contention: labor protests and protests by socioeconomically disadvantaged people outside the formal economy. Drawing on a systematic review of comparative research on Latin America, the authors argue that the dynamics of socioeconomic contention in contemporary Egypt and Tunisia reflect a deep-seated crisis of popular sector incorporation. This work promises to enrich the scholarly and the political debates on Egypt and Tunisia, the MENA region and on contentious politics in times of political change. Chapter 10 of this book is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.




[PDF] Political And Institutional Transition In North Africa

Political and Institutional Transition in North Africa PDF
Author: Silvia Colombo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351169785
Size: 75.48 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 5476

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Political And Institutional Transition In North Africa

by Silvia Colombo, release date 2018-06-13, Political And Institutional Transition In North Africa Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Political And Institutional Transition In North Africa books, The year 2011 will go down in history as a turning point for the Arab world. The popular unrest that swept across the region and led to the toppling of the Ben Ali, Mubarak, and Qaddhafi regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya has fundamentally altered the social, economic, and political outlooks of these countries and the region as a whole. This book assesses the transition processes unleashed by the uprisings that took place in Egypt and Tunisia in 2011. The wave of unrest and popular mobilisation that swept through these countries is treated as the point of departure of long and complex processes of change, manipulation, restructuring, and entrenchment of the institutional structures and logics that defined politics. The book explores the constitutive elements of institutional development, namely processes of constitution making, electoral politics, the changing status and power of the judiciary, and the interplay between the civilian and the military apparatuses in Egypt and Tunisia. It also considers the extent to which these two countries have become more democratic, as a result of their institutions being more legitimate, accountable, and responsive, at the beginning of 2014 and from a comparative perspective. The impact of temporal factors in shaping transition paths is highlighted throughout the book. The book provides a comprehensive assessment of political and institutional transition processes in two key countries in North Africa and its conclusions shed light on similar processes that have taken place throughout the region since 2011. It will be a valuable resource for anyone studying Middle Eastern and North African politics, area studies, comparative institutional development and democratisation.




[PDF] Network Policy Making Within The Turkish Health Sector

Network Policy Making within the Turkish Health Sector PDF
Author: Julinda Hoxha
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1838670963
Size: 60.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 168
View: 7158

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Network Policy Making Within The Turkish Health Sector

by Julinda Hoxha, release date 2020-03-13, Network Policy Making Within The Turkish Health Sector Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Network Policy Making Within The Turkish Health Sector books, This book presents findings produced by micro- and meso-level analysis of policy networks using the Turkish context as a new case study and demonstrates that networks have become an integral part of the practice of policy making within the Turkish health sector.




[PDF] The Failure Of Democracy In Iraq

The Failure of Democracy in Iraq PDF
Author: Hamid Alkifaey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429808194
Size: 12.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 2198

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The Failure Of Democracy In Iraq

by Hamid Alkifaey, release date 2019-01-16, The Failure Of Democracy In Iraq Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Failure Of Democracy In Iraq books, The Failure of Democracy in Iraq studies democratization in post-2003 Iraq, which has so far failed, due mainly to cultural and religious reasons. There are other factors, such as the legacy of the dictatorial regime, exclusionary policies, the problem of stateness, interference by regional powers, the rentier economy and sectarianism, that have impeded democracy and contributed to its failure, but the employment of religion in politics was the most to blame. The establishment of stable democratic institutions continues to elude Iraq, 15 years after toppling the dictatorship. The post-2003 Iraq could not completely eradicate the long historical tradition of despotic governance due to deep-seated religious beliefs and tribal values, along with widening societal ethno-sectarian rifts which precluded the negotiation of firm and stable elite settlements and pacts across communal lines. The book examines how the fear in neighbouring countries of a region-wide domino effect of the Iraq democratization process caused them to adopt interventionist policies towards Iraq that helped to stunt the development of democracy. The lack of commitment by the initiator of the democratic process, the United States, undermined the prospects of democratic consolidation. This is compounded by serious mistakes such as de-Ba’athification and the disbanding of the Iraqi army and security apparatuses which caused a security vacuum the US forces were not able to fill. The Failure of Democracy in Iraq is a key resource for all students and academics interested in democracy, Islam and Middle East Studies.




[PDF] Cities And Islamisms

Cities and Islamisms PDF
Author: Bülent Batuman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000297896
Size: 66.71 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 166
View: 4558

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Cities And Islamisms

by Bülent Batuman, release date 2020-12-21, Cities And Islamisms Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cities And Islamisms books, This book sheds light on a particular facet of the link between politics and Islam through the analysis of the relationship between Islamism and the built environment. The relationship between Islam and politics has always been controversial, yet it has possibly never been as controversial as it is at the time of writing. This new edited volume sets out to explore the interactions between Islamisms and the built environment through issues such as: spatial negotiations between nation and Islam in the definition of national identity; everyday spaces and the making of Islamic milieus; the role of Islam in the making (and/or remaking) of state ideology via architecture and urban planning; the influence of globalization and transnational links on the spatial manifestations of Islam(ism); and transnational architectural exchanges through global Islam. It expands on these issues through case studies analysing the role of the built environment and the urban realm as major media in the making of Islamist politics. The case studies incorporate manifestations in Muslim-dominated countries, including those where Islam has been at the heart of state ideology (Pakistan and Brunei), those with influential grassroots Islamist networks (pre-revolutionary Iran and Indonesia), those that identify with Islam through global exchanges (United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan and Turkey) and countries where Islam is an increasingly significant reference utilized by political actors (Algeria and Lebanon). This book will appeal to students and scholars of architecture, urban studies and cultural studies, as well as those interested in the social and political aspects of the built environment.