[PDF] Dispositional Properties

Dispositional Properties PDF
Author: David Weissman
Publisher: David Weissman
ISBN: 9780809301638
Size: 25.41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 216
View: 557

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Dispositional Properties

by David Weissman, release date 1965-04, Dispositional Properties Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dispositional Properties books, In Dispositional Properties, David Weissman attacks a problem central to the philosophy of mind and, by implication, to the theory of being: Are there potentialities, capabilities, which dispose the mind to think in one way rather than another? The volume is arranged in the form of four arguments that converge upon a single point. First, there is an intricate discussion of the shortcomings of Hume's account of mind as ideas and impressions. Next comes a brief treatment of the arguments of some of Weissman's contemporaries, including Carnap and Braithwaite. Third, Weissman discusses Wittgenstein's theories of learning and knowledge. Finally, there is a full discussion of Aristotle and his doctrine of potentialities. The question this book ultimately raises is how to steer between a doctrine of mind as no more than a series of acts, on the one hand, and a doctrine of mind as a kind of unitary object, on the other. The solution is to show first of all that there must be a potentiality in the universe, and then to show clearly and in detail that the mind is shot through with that potentiality.




[PDF] Dispositional Pluralism

Dispositional Pluralism PDF
Author: Jennifer McKitrick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191027626
Size: 75.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 7313

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Dispositional Pluralism

by Jennifer McKitrick, release date 2018-05-31, Dispositional Pluralism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dispositional Pluralism books, Jennifer McKitrick offers an opinionated guide to the philosophy of dispositions. In her view, when an object has a disposition, it is such that, if a certain type of circumstance were to occur, a certain kind of event would occur. Since it is very common for this to be the case for a variety of reasons, dispositions are very abundant and diverse. They include such varied properties as character traits like a hero's courage, characteristics of physical objects like a wine glass's fragility, and characteristics of microphysical entities like an electron's charge. Some dispositions are natural while others are non-natural. Some dispositions called "powers" are ungrounded while non-fundamental dispositions are grounded in other properties. Some dispositions manifest constantly, some of them manifest spontaneously, while others manifest only when they are triggered to do so. Some dispositions manifest by causing another dispositional property to be instantiated, while others have manifestations that involve non-dispositional properties and relations. Some dispositions are intrinsic to their bearers while others are extrinsic. Some of them are causally relevant to their manifestations while others are not. Some dispositions manifest in some particular way in particular circumstances, while other dispositions manifest in various ways in various circumstances. What makes all of these diverse properties dispositions is their connection to a certain kind of counterfactual fact. Nevertheless, disposition ascriptions are not semantically reducible to counterfactual claims.




[PDF] Dispositional Pluralism

Dispositional Pluralism PDF
Author: Jennifer McKitrick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198717806
Size: 24.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 1120

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Dispositional Pluralism

by Jennifer McKitrick, release date 2018-06-21, Dispositional Pluralism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dispositional Pluralism books, Jennifer McKitrick offers an opinionated guide to the philosophy of dispositions. In her view, when an object has a disposition, it is such that, if a certain type of circumstance were to occur, a certain kind of event would occur. Since it is very common for this to be the case for a variety of reasons, dispositions are very abundant and diverse. They include such varied properties as character traits like a hero's courage, characteristics of physical objects like a wine glass's fragility, and characteristics of microphysical entities like an electron's charge. Some dispositions are natural while others are non-natural. Some dispositions called "powers" are ungrounded while non-fundamental dispositions are grounded in other properties. Some dispositions manifest constantly, some of them manifest spontaneously, while others manifest only when they are triggered to do so. Some dispositions manifest by causing another dispositional property to be instantiated, while others have manifestations that involve non-dispositional properties and relations. Some dispositions are intrinsic to their bearers while others are extrinsic. Some of them are causally relevant to their manifestations while others are not. Some dispositions manifest in some particular way in particular circumstances, while other dispositions manifest in various ways in various circumstances. What makes all of these diverse properties dispositions is their connection to a certain kind of counterfactual fact. Nevertheless, disposition ascriptions are not semantically reducible to counterfactual claims.




[PDF] Scientific Essentialism

Scientific Essentialism PDF
Author: Brian Ellis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521800945
Size: 31.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 309
View: 5484

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Scientific Essentialism

by Brian Ellis, release date 2001-04-09, Scientific Essentialism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Scientific Essentialism books, Examines the laws of nature.




[PDF] Philosophy Of Mind A Contemporary Introduction

Philosophy of Mind  A Contemporary Introduction PDF
Author: John Heil
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134791399
Size: 14.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 3753

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Philosophy Of Mind A Contemporary Introduction

by John Heil, release date 2012-11-12, Philosophy Of Mind A Contemporary Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Philosophy Of Mind A Contemporary Introduction books, This comprehensive textbook, written by a leading author in the field, provides a survey of mainstream conceptions of the nature of mind accessible to readers with little or no background in philosophy. Included are the dualist, behaviourist, and functionalist accounts of the nature of mind, along with a critical assessment of recent trends in the subject. The problem of consciousness, widely thought to be the chief roadblock to our understanding of the mind, is addressed throughout the book and there is also material to interest those with a professional interest in the topic - philosophers, psychologists and neuroscientists - as well as the general reader. Unique features of Philosophy of Mind: * provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * contains many lucid examples to support ideas * cites key literature in annotated suggested reading and a full bibliography * contains a full index including the location of key terms and concepts.




[PDF] Powers And Capacities In Philosophy

Powers and Capacities in Philosophy PDF
Author: John Greco
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135121133
Size: 49.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 1046

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Powers And Capacities In Philosophy

by John Greco, release date 2013-01-25, Powers And Capacities In Philosophy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Powers And Capacities In Philosophy books, Powers and Capacities in Philosophy is designed to stake out an emerging, discipline-spanning neo-Aristotelian framework grounded in realism about causal powers. The volume brings together for the first time original essays by leading philosophers working on powers in relation to metaphysics, philosophy of natural and social science, philosophy of mind and action, epistemology, ethics and social and political philosophy. In each area, the concern is to show how a commitment to real causal powers affects discussion at the level in question. In metaphysics, for example, realism about powers is now recognized as providing an alternative to orthodox accounts of causation, modality, properties and laws. Dispositional realist philosophers of science, meanwhile, argue that a powers ontology allows for a proper account of the nature of scientific explanation. In the philosophy of mind there is the suggestion that agency is best understood in terms of the distinctive powers of human beings. Those who take virtue theoretic approaches in epistemology and ethics have long been interested in the powers that allow for knowledge and/or moral excellence. In social and political philosophy, finally, powers theorists are interested in the powers of sociological phenomena such as collectivities, institutions, roles and/or social relations, but also in the conditions of possibility for the cultivation of the powers of individuals. The book will be of interest to philosophers working in any of these areas, as well as to historians of philosophy, political theorists and critical realists.




[PDF] Dispositionalism

Dispositionalism PDF
Author: Anne Sophie Meincke
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303028722X
Size: 64.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 2604

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Dispositionalism

by Anne Sophie Meincke, release date 2020-04-08, Dispositionalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dispositionalism books, According to dispositional realism, or dispositionalism, the entities inhabiting our world possess irreducibly dispositional properties – often called ‘powers’ – by means of which they are sources of change. Dispositionalism has become increasingly popular among metaphysicians in the last three decades as it offers a realist account of causation and provides novel avenues for understanding modality, laws of nature, agency, free will and other key concepts in metaphysics. At the same time, it is receiving growing interest among philosophers of science. This reflects the substantial role scientific findings play in arguments for dispositionalism which, as a metaphysics of science, aims to unveil the very foundations of science. The present collection of essays brings together both strands of interest. It elucidates the ontological profile of dispositionalism by exploring its ontological commitments, and it discusses these from the perspective of the philosophy of science. The essays are written by both proponents of dispositionalism and sceptics so as to initiate an open-minded, constructive dialogue.




[PDF] Thomas Aquinas On Persuasion

Thomas Aquinas on Persuasion PDF
Author: Jeffrey J. Maciejewski
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739171291
Size: 23.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 621

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Thomas Aquinas On Persuasion

by Jeffrey J. Maciejewski, release date 2013-12-19, Thomas Aquinas On Persuasion Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Thomas Aquinas On Persuasion books, This analysis of the human need to persuade offers a new, creative, application of Aristotelian essentialism to human discourse. Using Thomas Aquinas’s adaptation of essentialism as a starting point, Jeffrey J. Maciejewski argues that persuasion is natural to human beings and that it possesses dispositional properties that bring about stages of human action that ultimately harmonize the operations of the mind in addition to harmonizing human relationships. Aquinas’s philosophy of human nature is reviewed and re-examined in order to discover why it is that humans need to persuade themselves and each other. The book should be of considerable interest to scholars of human nature, Thomist philosophy, and those interested in the history of rhetoric and rhetorical theory.




[PDF] This Is Metaphysics

This Is Metaphysics PDF
Author: Kris McDaniel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111840078X
Size: 47.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 6300

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This Is Metaphysics

by Kris McDaniel, release date 2020-05-07, This Is Metaphysics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download This Is Metaphysics books, Metaphysics—the philosophical study of the nature of reality—is a dynamic sub-field which encompasses many of the most fundamental and elusive questions in contemporary analytic philosophy. A concise and focused introduction to contemporary metaphysics, This is Metaphysics: An Introduction takes readers with minimal technical knowledge of the field on a guided tour of the intellectual landscape of the discipline. Approachable and engaging, the book covers a broad range of key topics and principles in metaphysics, including classification, the nature and existence of properties, ontology, the nature of possibility and necessity, and fundamental questions concerning being and existence. Each chapter challenges readers to grapple with thought-provoking examples that build upon the seminal theoretical contributions of contemporary metaphysicians like Peter van Inwagen and David Lewis, and concludes with a “Doing Metaphysics” section encouraging readers to think through substantive metaphysical questions while weighing possible arguments and objections. A thoughtful and comprehensive introduction provides a framework for author Kris McDaniel’s pedagogical approach, and each section incorporates multi-platform online resources and plentiful footnotes to support further reading and deeper conceptual engagement. A welcome addition to the popular This is Philosophy series, This is Metaphysics is a reader-friendly survey of metaphysics for philosophy majors, undergraduates in introductory philosophy courses, and curious members of the general public interested in investigating this expansive and enigmatic area of study.