[PDF] Laborers And Enslaved Workers

Laborers and Enslaved Workers PDF
Author: Marcelo Badaró Mattos
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785336290
Size: 35.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 7106

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Laborers And Enslaved Workers

by Marcelo Badaró Mattos, release date 2017-09-30, Laborers And Enslaved Workers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Laborers And Enslaved Workers books, From the middle of the nineteenth century until the 1888 abolition of slavery in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro was home to the largest urban population of enslaved workers anywhere in the Americas. It was also the site of an incipient working-class consciousness that expressed itself across seemingly distinct social categories. In this volume, Marcelo Badar� Mattos demonstrates that these two historical phenomena cannot be understood in isolation. Drawing on a wide range of historical sources, Badar� Mattos reveals the diverse labor arrangements and associative life of Rio's working class, from which emerged the many strategies that workers both free and unfree pursued in their struggles against oppression.




[PDF] Slavery By Another Name

Slavery by Another Name PDF
Author: Douglas A. Blackmon
Publisher: Icon Books
ISBN: 1848314132
Size: 47.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 3670

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Slavery By Another Name

by Douglas A. Blackmon, release date 2012-10-04, Slavery By Another Name Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Slavery By Another Name books, A Pulitzer Prize-winning history of the mistreatment of black Americans. In this 'precise and eloquent work' - as described in its Pulitzer Prize citation - Douglas A. Blackmon brings to light one of the most shameful chapters in American history - an 'Age of Neoslavery' that thrived in the aftermath of the Civil War through the dawn of World War II. Using a vast record of original documents and personal narratives, Blackmon unearths the lost stories of slaves and their descendants who journeyed into freedom after the Emancipation Proclamation and then back into the shadow of involuntary servitude thereafter. By turns moving, sobering and shocking, this unprecedented account reveals these stories, the companies that profited the most from neoslavery, and the insidious legacy of racism that reverberates today.




[PDF] Gleanings Of Freedom

Gleanings of Freedom PDF
Author: Max Grivno
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252093562
Size: 51.63 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 771

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Gleanings Of Freedom

by Max Grivno, release date 2011-12-05, Gleanings Of Freedom Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Gleanings Of Freedom books, Late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century landowners in the hinterlands of Baltimore, Maryland, cobbled together workforces from a diverse labor population of black and white apprentices, indentured servants, slaves, and hired workers. This book examines the intertwined lives of the poor whites, slaves, and free blacks who lived and worked in this wheat-producing region along the Mason-Dixon Line. Drawing from court records, the diaries, letters, and ledgers of farmers and small planters, and other archival sources, Max Grivno reconstructs how these poorest of southerners eked out their livings and struggled to maintain their families and their freedom in the often unforgiving rural economy.




[PDF] Slaves For Hire

Slaves for Hire PDF
Author: John J. Zaborney
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 0807145149
Size: 66.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 4715

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Slaves For Hire

by John J. Zaborney, release date 2012-10-12, Slaves For Hire Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Slaves For Hire books, In Slaves for Hire, John J. Zaborney overturns long-standing beliefs about slave labor in the antebellum South. Previously, scholars viewed slave hiring as an aberration -- a modified form of slavery, involving primarily urban male slaves, that worked to the laborer's advantage and weakened slavery's institutional integrity. In the first in-depth examination of slave hiring in Virginia, Zaborney suggests that this endemic practice bolstered the institution of slavery in the decades leading up to the Civil War, all but assuring Virginia's secession from the Union to protect slavery. Moving beyond previous analyses, Zaborney examines slave hiring in rural and agricultural settings, along with the renting of women, children, and elderly slaves. His research reveals that, like non-hired-out slaves, these other workers' experiences varied in accordance with sex, location, occupation, economic climate, and crop prices, as well as owners' and renters' convictions and financial circumstances. Hired slaves in Virginia faced a full range of oppression from nearly full autonomy to harsh exploitation. Whites of all economic, occupational, gender, ethnic, and age groups, including slave owners and non-slave-owners, rented slaves regularly. Additionally, male owners and hirers often transported slaves to those who worked them, and acted as agents for white women who wished to hire out their slaves. Ultimately, widespread white mastery of hired slaves allowed owners with superfluous slaves to offer them for rent locally rather than selling them to the Lower South, establishing the practice as an integral feature of Virginia slavery.




[PDF] Laboring Women

Laboring Women PDF
Author: Jennifer Morgan
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN:
Size: 20.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 4288

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Laboring Women

by Jennifer Morgan, release date 2004, Laboring Women Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Laboring Women books, When black women were brought from Africa to the New World as slave laborers, their value was determined by their ability to work as well as their potential to bear children, who by law would become the enslaved property of the mother's master. In Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery, Jennifer L. Morgan examines for the first time how African women's labor in both senses became intertwined in the English colonies. Beginning with the ideological foundations of racial slavery in early modern Europe, Laboring Women traverses the Atlantic, exploring the social and cultural lives of women in West Africa, slaveowners' expectations for reproductive labor, and women's lives as workers and mothers under colonial slavery. Challenging conventional wisdom, Morgan reveals how expectations regarding gender and reproduction were central to racial ideologies, the organization of slave labor, and the nature of slave community and resistance. Taking into consideration the heritage of Africans prior to enslavement and the cultural logic of values and practices recreated under the duress of slavery, she examines how women's gender identity was defined by their shared experiences as agricultural laborers and mothers, and shows how, given these distinctions, their situation differed considerably from that of enslaved men. Telling her story through the arc of African women's actual lives—from West Africa, to the experience of the Middle Passage, to life on the plantations—she offers a thoughtful look at the ways women's reproductive experience shaped their roles in communities and helped them resist some of the more egregious effects of slave life. Presenting a highly original, theoretically grounded view of reproduction and labor as the twin pillars of female exploitation in slavery, Laboring Women is a distinctive contribution to the literature of slavery and the history of women.




[PDF] Slaves Into Workers

Slaves Into Workers PDF
Author: Ahmad Alawad Sikainga
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 38.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 2786

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Slaves Into Workers

by Ahmad Alawad Sikainga, release date 1996, Slaves Into Workers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Slaves Into Workers books, Unlike African slavery in Europe and the Americas, slavery in the Sudan and other parts of Africa persisted well into the twentieth century. Sudanese slaves served Sudanese masters until the region was conquered by the Turks, who continued the practice on a larger, institutional scale. When the British took over the Sudan in 1898, they officially emancipated the slaves, yet found it impossible to replace the contribution of their labor to the country's economy. This pathfinding study explores the process of emancipation and the development of wage labor in the Sudan under British colonial rule. Ahmad Sikainga focuses on the fate of ex-slaves and dislocated people in Khartoum and on the efforts of the colonial governments to transform them into wage laborers. He probes into what the establishment of colonial rule and city life meant for slaves and ex-slaves and what the city and its people meant for colonial officials. This investigation sheds new light on the legacy of slavery, the status of former slaves and their descendants in African and Middle Eastern societies, and the fate of ex-slaves in the cities. It also reveals how the legacy of slavery underlies the current ethnic and regional conflicts in the Sudan, in which thousands of people have died. It will be vital reading for students of race relations and slavery, colonialism and postcolonialism, urbanization, labor history, and African and Middle Eastern studies.




[PDF] Laborers And Enslaved Workers

Laborers and Enslaved Workers PDF
Author: Marcelo Badaró Mattos
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785336304
Size: 39.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 186
View: 1237

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Laborers And Enslaved Workers

by Marcelo Badaró Mattos, release date 2017-09-01, Laborers And Enslaved Workers Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Laborers And Enslaved Workers books, From the middle of the nineteenth century until the 1888 abolition of slavery in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro was home to the largest urban population of enslaved workers anywhere in the Americas. It was also the site of an incipient working-class consciousness that expressed itself across seemingly distinct social categories. In this volume, Marcelo Badaró Mattos demonstrates that these two historical phenomena cannot be understood in isolation. Drawing on a wide range of historical sources, Badaró Mattos reveals the diverse labor arrangements and associative life of Rio’s working class, from which emerged the many strategies that workers both free and unfree pursued in their struggles against oppression.




[PDF] Constructing The Spanish Empire In Havana

Constructing the Spanish Empire in Havana PDF
Author: Evelyn Jennings
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 0807173940
Size: 69.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 298
View: 6305

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Constructing The Spanish Empire In Havana

by Evelyn Jennings, release date 2020-12-16, Constructing The Spanish Empire In Havana Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Constructing The Spanish Empire In Havana books, Constructing the Spanish Empire in Havana examines the political economy surrounding the use of enslaved laborers in the capital of Spanish imperial Cuba from 1762 to 1835. In this first book-length exploration of state slavery on the island, Evelyn P. Jennings demonstrates that the Spanish state’s policies and practices in the ownership and employment of enslaved workers after 1762 served as a bridge from an economy based on imperial service to a rapidly expanding plantation economy in the nineteenth century. The Spanish state had owned and exploited enslaved workers in Cuba since the early 1500s. After the humiliating yearlong British occupation of Havana beginning in 1762, however, the Spanish Crown redoubled its efforts to purchase and maintain thousands of royal slaves to prepare Havana for what officials believed would be the imminent renewal of war with England. Jennings shows that the composition of workforces assigned to public projects depended on the availability of enslaved workers in various interconnected labor markets within Cuba, within the Spanish empire, and in the Atlantic world. Moreover, the site of enslavement, the work required, and the importance of that work according to imperial priorities influenced the treatment and relative autonomy of those laborers as well as the likelihood they would achieve freedom. As plantation production for export purposes emerged as the most dynamic sector of Cuba’s economy by 1810, the Atlantic networks used to obtain enslaved workers showed increasing strain. British abolitionism exerted additional pressure on the slave trade. To offset the loss of access to enslaved laborers, colonial officials expanded the state’s authority to sentence deserters, vagrants, and fugitives, both enslaved and free, to labor in public works such as civil construction, road building, and the creation of Havana’s defensive forts. State efforts in this area demonstrate the deep roots of state enslavement and forced labor in nineteenth-century Spanish colonialism and in capitalist development in the Atlantic world. Constructing the Spanish Empire in Havana places the processes of building and sustaining the Spanish empire in the imperial hub of Havana in a comparative perspective with other sites of empire building in the Atlantic world. Furthermore, it considers the human costs of reproducing the Spanish empire in a major Caribbean port, the state’s role in shaping the institution of slavery, and the experiences of enslaved and other coerced laborers both before and after the beginning of Cuba’s sugar boom in the early nineteenth century.




[PDF] City Of Workers City Of Struggle

City of Workers  City of Struggle PDF
Author: Joshua B. Freeman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023154958X
Size: 39.66 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 238
View: 2184

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City Of Workers City Of Struggle

by Joshua B. Freeman, release date 2019-04-30, City Of Workers City Of Struggle Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download City Of Workers City Of Struggle books, From the founding of New Amsterdam until today, working people have helped create and re-create the City of New York through their struggles. Starting with artisans and slaves in colonial New York and ranging all the way to twenty-first-century gig-economy workers, this book tells the story of New York’s labor history anew. City of Workers, City of Struggle brings together essays by leading historians of New York and a wealth of illustrations, offering rich descriptions of work, daily life, and political struggle. It recounts how workers have developed formal and informal groups not only to advance their own interests but also to pursue a vision of what the city should be like and whom it should be for. The book goes beyond the largely white, male wage workers in mainstream labor organizations who have dominated the history of labor movements to look at enslaved people, indentured servants, domestic workers, sex workers, day laborers, and others who have had to fight not only their masters and employers but also labor groups that often excluded them. Through their stories—how they fought for inclusion or developed their own ways to advance—it recenters labor history for contemporary struggles. City of Workers, City of Struggle offers the definitive account of the four-hundred-year history of efforts by New York workers to improve their lives and their communities. In association with the exhibition City of Workers, City of Struggle: How Labor Movements Changed New York at the Museum of the City of New York




[PDF] A New World Of Labor

A New World of Labor PDF
Author: Simon P. Newman
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812245199
Size: 44.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 327
View: 5800

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A New World Of Labor

by Simon P. Newman, release date 2013-05-17, A New World Of Labor Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download A New World Of Labor books, The small and remote island of Barbados seems an unlikely location for the epochal change in labor that overwhelmed it and much of British America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. However, by 1650 it had become the greatest wealth-producing area in the English-speaking world, the center of an exchange of people and goods between the British Isles, the Gold Coast of West Africa, and the New World. By the early seventeenth century, more than half a million enslaved men, women, and children had been transported to the island. In A New World of Labor, Simon P. Newman argues that this exchange stimulated an entirely new system of bound labor. Free and bound labor were defined and experienced by Britons and Africans across the British Atlantic world in quite different ways. Connecting social developments in seventeenth-century Britain with the British experience of slavery on the West African coast, Newman demonstrates that the brutal white servant regime, rather than the West African institution of slavery, provided the most significant foundation for the violent system of racialized black slavery that developed in Barbados. Class as much as race informed the creation of plantation slavery in Barbados and throughout British America. Enslaved Africans in Barbados were deployed in radically new ways in order to cultivate, process, and manufacture sugar on single, integrated plantations. This Barbadian system informed the development of racial slavery on Jamaica and other Caribbean islands, as well as in South Carolina and then the Deep South of mainland British North America. Drawing on British and West African precedents, and then radically reshaping them, Barbados planters invented a new world of labor.