[PDF] Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms

Learning from the Federal Market Based Reforms PDF
Author: William J. Mathis
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1681235056
Size: 57.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 715
View: 2186

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Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms

by William J. Mathis, release date 2016-06-01, Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms books, Over the past twenty years, educational policy has been characterized by top?down, market?focused policies combined with a push toward privatization and school choice. The new Every Student Succeeds Act continues along this path, though with decision?making authority now shifted toward the states. These market?based reforms have often been touted as the most promising response to the challenges of poverty and educational disenfranchisement. But has this approach been successful? Has learning improved? Have historically low?scoring schools “turned around” or have the reforms had little effect? Have these narrow conceptions of schooling harmed the civic and social purposes of education in a democracy? This book presents the evidence. Drawing on the work of the nation’s most prominent researchers, the book explores the major elements of these reforms, as well as the social, political, and educational contexts in which they take place. It examines the evidence supporting the most common school improvement strategies: school choice; reconstitutions, or massive personnel changes; and school closures. From there, it presents the research findings cutting across these strategies by addressing the evidence on test score trends, teacher evaluation, “miracle” schools, the Common Core State Standards, school choice, the newly emerging school improvement industry, and re?segregation, among others. The weight of the evidence indisputably shows little success and no promise for these reforms. Thus, the authors counsel strongly against continuing these failed policies. The book concludes with a review of more promising avenues for educational reform, including the necessity of broader societal investments for combatting poverty and adverse social conditions. While schools cannot single?handedly overcome societal inequalities, important work can take place within the public school system, with evidence?based interventions such as early childhood education, detracking, adequate funding and full?service community schools—all intended to renew our nation’s commitment to democracy and equal educational opportunity.




[PDF] Democratic School Turnarounds

Democratic School Turnarounds PDF
Author: Tina Trujillo
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 34
View: 1433

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Democratic School Turnarounds

by Tina Trujillo, release date 2012, Democratic School Turnarounds Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Democratic School Turnarounds books, In 2009, the Obama Administration announced its intention to rapidly "turn around" 5,000 of the nation's lowest-performing schools. To do so, it relied on the School Improvement Grant program (SIG) to provide targeted funding for states and schools, and to mandate drastic, school-level reforms. While the program channels grants to participating schools (up to $2 million a year per school), it does not maintain funding beyond three years, nor does it alter the basic, inadequate funding structures for public education. The SIG program's reforms require massive administrative and teacher replacement, particularly under the "turnaround option." In the public debate about the SIG program, reforms such as this have been described as new and innovative. In reality, the nation has significant experience with these models, particularly over the past 40 years. Generations of research show that the SIG reforms are based on faulty evidence, unwarranted claims and they ignore contradictory evidence. The most prominent error is the claim that these corporate-based models can yield transformative results. The second most prominent error is the assumption that the drastic reconstitution of school staff will prove beneficial. Neither claim is supported by research. This report considers the democratic tensions inherent in the federal SIG policy's market-based school reforms. It concludes with a set of recommendations that re-center the purposes of public education for low-income students, students of color, and local communities in developing more equitable, democratic school turnarounds. These recommendations are: (1) Increase current federal and state spending for public education, particularly as it is allocated for turnaround-style reforms; (2) Focus school turnaround policies on improving the quality of teaching and learning rather than on technical-structural changes; (3) Engage a broad cross-section of schools' communities--teachers, students, parents, and community organizations--in planning and implementing turnaround strategies that are tailored to each school and district context; (4) Surround struggling schools with comprehensive, wrap-around supports that stabilize schools and communities; (5) Incorporate multiple indicators of effectiveness--apart from test scores--that reflect the multiple purposes of schools; and (6) Support ongoing, systematic research, evaluation, and dissemination examining all aspects of turnaround processes in schools and districts. (Contains 90 notes and references.).




[PDF] Progressive Reading Education In America

Progressive Reading Education in America PDF
Author: Patrick Shannon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351725041
Size: 38.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 140
View: 4719

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Progressive Reading Education In America

by Patrick Shannon, release date 2017-06-14, Progressive Reading Education In America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Progressive Reading Education In America books, Through firsthand accounts of classroom practices, this new book ties 130 years of progressive education to social justice work. Based on their commitments to the principle of the equal moral worth of all people, progressive teachers have challenged the obstacles of schooling that prevent some people from participating as full partners in social life in and out of the classroom and have constructed classroom and social arrangements that enable all to participate as peers in the decisions that influence their lives. Progressive reading education has been and remains key to these ties, commitments, challenges, and constructions. The three goals in this book are to show that there are viable and worthy alternatives to the current version of "doing school"; to provide evidence of how progressive teachers have accommodated expanding notions of social justice across time, taking up issues of economic distribution of resources during the first half of the 20th century, adding the cultural recognition of the civil rights of more groups during the second half, and now, grappling with political representation of groups and individuals as national boundaries become porous; and to build coalitions around social justice work among advocates of differing, but complementary, theories and practices of literacy work. In progressive classrooms from Harlem to Los Angeles and Milwaukee to Fairhope, Alabama, students have used reading in order to make sense of and sense in changing times, working across economic, cultural, and political dimensions of social justice. Over 100 teacher stories invite readers to join the struggle to continue the pursuit of a just democracy in America.




[PDF] Reclaiming Accountability In Teacher Education

Reclaiming Accountability in Teacher Education PDF
Author: Marilyn Cochran-Smith
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807759317
Size: 57.76 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 6849

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Reclaiming Accountability In Teacher Education

by Marilyn Cochran-Smith, release date 2018-04-20, Reclaiming Accountability In Teacher Education Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reclaiming Accountability In Teacher Education books, Cochran-Smith and her research team argue that it is time for teacher educators to reclaim accountability. They critique major accountability initiatives, exposing the lack of evidence behind these policies and the negative impact they have on teacher education. They also offer an achievable alternative based on a commitment to equity and democracy.




[PDF] Reform And Literacy Education

Reform and Literacy Education PDF
Author: Sarah Hochstetler
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351108255
Size: 24.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 4031

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Reform And Literacy Education

by Sarah Hochstetler, release date 2018-09-04, Reform And Literacy Education Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Reform And Literacy Education books, A critical resource for literacy educators and graduate students, this volume investigates key moments in the development of literacy education and provides a much-needed overview of where, when, and how efforts to shape education influence literacy teaching, as well as what literacy educators can do to advocate for themselves, their students, and the profession. Organized around three themes—history, effects, and advocacy—this volume offers a nuanced exploration of the complex issues surrounding literacy education, and suggests coherent approaches to evaluating and understanding the various policies and reform efforts, and their impacts on literacy teaching and learning. Chapter authors draw on a variety of research– and practice-based perspectives to explore the impact of reform on literacy and literacy education, and examine the evolution of literacy education, providing much-needed historical context for shifts in policies and models in the field.




[PDF] The Achievement Gap In Reading

The Achievement Gap in Reading PDF
Author: Rosalind Horowitz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317699734
Size: 38.78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 1971

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The Achievement Gap In Reading

by Rosalind Horowitz, release date 2017-04-07, The Achievement Gap In Reading Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Achievement Gap In Reading books, In this volume prominent scholars, experts in their respective fields and highly skilled in the research they conduct, address educational and reading research from varied perspectives and address what it will take to close the achievement gap—with specific attention to reading. The achievement gap is redefined as a level at which all groups can compete economically in our society and have the literacy tools and habits needed for a good life. Bringing valuable theoretical frameworks and in-depth analytical approaches to interpretation of data, the contributors examine factors that contribute to student achievement inside the school but which are also heavily influenced by out-of-school factors—such as poverty and economics, ethnicity and culture, family and community stratifications, and approaches to measurement of achievement. These out-of-school factors present possibilities for new policies and practice. The overarching theme is that achievement gaps in reading are complex and that multiple perspectives are necessary to address the problem. The breadth and depth of perspectives and content in this volume and its conceptualization of the achievement gap are a significant contribution to the field.




[PDF] Flunking Democracy

Flunking Democracy PDF
Author: Michael A. Rebell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022654995X
Size: 29.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3300

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Flunking Democracy

by Michael A. Rebell, release date 2018-04-18, Flunking Democracy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Flunking Democracy books, The 2016 presidential election campaign and its aftermath have underscored worrisome trends in the present state of our democracy: the extreme polarization of the electorate, the dismissal of people with opposing views, and the widespread acceptance and circulation of one-sided and factually erroneous information. Only a small proportion of those who are eligible actually vote, and a declining number of citizens actively participate in local community activities. In Flunking Democracy, Michael A. Rebell makes the case that this is not a recent problem, but rather that for generations now, America’s schools have systematically failed to prepare students to be capable citizens. Rebell analyzes the causes of this failure, provides a detailed analysis of what we know about how to prepare students for productive citizenship, and considers examples of best practices. Rebell further argues that this civic decline is also a legal failure—a gross violation of both federal and state constitutions that can only be addressed by the courts. Flunking Democracy concludes with specific recommendations for how the courts can and should address this deficiency, and is essential reading for anyone interested in education, the law, and democratic society.




[PDF] Understanding Educational Leadership

Understanding Educational Leadership PDF
Author: Steven J. Courtney
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350081833
Size: 26.37 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 6292

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Understanding Educational Leadership

by Steven J. Courtney, release date 2021-01-28, Understanding Educational Leadership Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Understanding Educational Leadership books, Understanding Educational Leadership guides you through critical perspectives and approaches across the world, taking in the global north and south, and explores the ways in which educational leadership is currently understood, theorised, researched, modelled and practised. The book also covers contemporary issues including gender, sexual identity and race, as well as topics such as governance, performativity and corporatisation. It brings together evidence and ideas that illuminate the power structures and relations in educational leaders, leading and leadership and helps you to consider the impact on policy and practice, and to think about changes needed to mitigate the issues identified. The book showcases a wide range of theorists, including Bourdieu, Foucault and Fraser. Its impressive scope includes analyses of collectivist, neoliberal and historical influences on educational leadership. It explores forensically leadership styles, with an explicit focus on distributed, instructional, democratic, autocratic, laissez-faire and organisational forms. Carefully curated by the editors, the world-leading contributors draw on their wealth of knowledge about research and practice to provide you with an overview of educational leadership today, looking at global research, evidence, arguments and conceptualisations. Each chapter is written in an engaging and inspiring way, following a consistent approach to help you to develop your understanding in each of the areas covered. Full pedagogical features throughout include chapter summaries, key questions, case studies, questions for readers and further reading suggestions with questions on key texts. A companion website provides links to open-access outputs, research-project outcomes, and networking seminars, conferences with links to local, national and global events and connections.




[PDF] Contemporary Pioneers In Teaching And Learning Volume 2

Contemporary Pioneers in Teaching and Learning Volume 2 PDF
Author: Héfer Bembenutty
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1648028292
Size: 17.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 343
View: 4014

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Contemporary Pioneers In Teaching And Learning Volume 2

by Héfer Bembenutty, release date 2022-02-01, Contemporary Pioneers In Teaching And Learning Volume 2 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Contemporary Pioneers In Teaching And Learning Volume 2 books, This volume traces the socialization process, professional development, career paths, and theory and research of contemporary pioneers in education and psychology. This volume contains interviews with leading scholars who are at the vanguard of teaching and learning. They shared how their childhood development influenced their theoretical paths and research endeavors and revealed their thoughts, beliefs, and experiences that made them who they are today. These scholars responded to questions pertaining to their childhood, initial interest in education and psychology, role models, research interests and major findings, future directions of their research, educational implications derived from their research, and perception of their legacy. They are real people who have had experiences like anybody else, but found homes and teachers who supported them. While in college, they found educators who mentored them. Readers will find that this volume offers them an opportunity to learn the background of contemporary pioneers in education and psychology, provides valuable sources where they can learn about how major theories developed and where they are moving, and reveals the personal anecdotes that influenced the conceptualization of contemporary theories and research. Educators and students will find that this book provides hope and a rejuvenated enthusiasm about the status of education and psychology and that they too can be leaders in their own ways.




[PDF] Public Education

Public Education PDF
Author: David C. Berliner
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807779946
Size: 52.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5976

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Public Education

by David C. Berliner, release date 2021, Public Education Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Public Education books, In this important collection, eminent education scholars and practitioners remind us that our nation’s system of free universal public education is under attack, putting our very democracy in jeopardy. Over and above preparing students for employability, American schools must prepare our youth to be informed citizens and active, constructive participants in the democratic process. These essayists, criticizing as well as lauding our educational system, believe that such a goal is best accomplished through a high-quality, public, free system of schooling designed to serve all our nations’ children without regard to race, religion, gender, LGBTQ+ identity, (dis)ability, social class, citizenship status, or language. In the 100th anniversary year of Horace Mann, these thought leaders in education take stock of enduring principles, current dilemmas, and important forward directions. With privateers growing in numbers and seeking to take advantage of systemic breakdowns, this book will serve as a rousing defense of our public schools for our nation’s educators, parents, school board members, and politicians. Book Features: Reminds all Americans of the essential roles that schools serve in contemporary society, beyond simply learning the prescribed school curriculum. Presents a counterpoint to those who promote private or charter schooling at the expense of genuine public schools. Paints a complex and multi-faceted portrait of our public education system and provides a set of diverse and provocative remedies for many pressing contemporary problems of public schooling. Contributors: Michael W. Apple, William Ayers, David C. Berliner, Martin Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon Brooks, Carol Corbett Burris, Prudence Carter, Edward B. Fiske, Peter Greene, James Harvey, Julian Vazquez Heilig, Jack Jennings, David F. Labaree, Helen F. Ladd, Gloria Ladson-Billings, Carol D. Lee, Martin Lipton, William J. Mathis, Deborah Meier, H. Richard Milner IV, Sonia Nieto, Jeannie Oakes, Jeanne M. Powers, D. C. Phillips, Diane Ravitch, Mike Rose, Peter Smagorinsky, Joshua P. Starr, Mark Weber, Kevin Welner, Ken Zeichner