[PDF] Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize

Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth Century Belize PDF
Author: Elizabeth Graham
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780813068169
Size: 21.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 458
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Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize

by Elizabeth Graham, release date 2020-03-31, Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize books, "An important and innovative study that brings a good number of fascinating archaeological findings to bear on the process of Christian conversion in the colonial Maya world. Seldom has the archaeological material culture of an evangelized society been brought to light so thoroughly and engagingly."?Fernando Cervantes, coauthor of Angels, Demons, and the New World "A convincing and fascinating study of Maya religion and Christianity in the frontier."?Joel Palka, University of Illinois-Chicago Based on her analysis of archaeological evidence from the excavations of Maya churches at Tipu and Lamanai, Elizabeth Graham seeks to understand why the Maya sometimes actively embraced Catholicism during the period of European conquest and continued to worship in this way even after the end of Spanish occupation. The Maya in Belize appear to have continued to bury their dead in Christian churchyards long after the churches themselves had fallen into disuse. They also seem to have hidden pre-Hispanic objects of worship in Christian sacred spaces during times of persecution, and excavations reveal the style of the early churches to be unmistakably Franciscan. The evidence suggests that the Maya remained Christian after 1700, when Spaniards were no longer in control, which challenges the widespread assumption that because Christianity was imposed by force it was never properly assimilated by indigenous peoples. Combining historical and archaeological data with her experience of having been raised as a Roman Catholic, Graham proposes a way of assessing the concept of religious experience and processes of conversion that takes into account the material, visual, sensual, and even olfactory manifestations of the sacred. A volume in the series Maya Studies, edited by Arlen Chase and Diane Z. Chase




[PDF] Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize

Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth century Belize PDF
Author: Elizabeth A. Graham
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780813036663
Size: 29.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 434
View: 1042

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Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize

by Elizabeth A. Graham, release date 2011, Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Maya Christians And Their Churches In Sixteenth Century Belize books, Based on her analysis of archaeological evidence from the excavations of Maya churches at Tipu and Lamanai, Elizabeth Graham seeks to understand why the Maya sometimes actively embraced Catholicism during the period of European conquest and continued to worship in this way even after the end of Spanish occupation. The Maya in Belize appear to have continued to bury their dead in Christian churchyards long after the churches themselves had fallen into disuse. They also seem to have hidden pre-Hispanic objects of worship in Christian sacred spaces during times of persecution, and excavations reveal the style of the early churches to be unmistakably Franciscan. The evidence suggests that the Maya remained Christian after 1700, when Spaniards were no longer in control, which challenges the widespread assumption that because Christianity was imposed by force it was never properly assimilated by indigenous peoples. Combining historical and archaeological data with her experience of having been raised as a Roman Catholic, Graham proposes a way of assessing the concept of religious experience and processes of conversion that takes into account the material, visual, sensual, and even olfactory manifestations of the sacred. A volume in the series Maya Studies, edited by Arlen Chase and Diane Z. Chase




[PDF] Die Bekehrung Der Welt

Die Bekehrung der Welt PDF
Author: Bernhard Maier
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406774458
Size: 54.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 448
View: 1558

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Die Bekehrung Der Welt

by Bernhard Maier, release date 2021-08-26, Die Bekehrung Der Welt Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Die Bekehrung Der Welt books, WIE DIE CHRISTLICHE MISSION DIE WELT VERÄNDERT HAT «Machet zu Jüngern alle Völker!» Das Zeitalter der Entdeckungen und Eroberungen bescherte dem «Missionsbefehl» Jesu eine völlig neue Schubkraft. Der Religionshistoriker Bernhard Maier beschreibt eindrucksvoll, wie christliche Missionare von der spanischen Conquista über die Zeit der Kolonialreiche bis zur Entkolonialisierung Kulturen und Religionen auf der ganzen Welt transformierten – und nicht zuletzt auch das Christentum selbst. Seine souveräne Geschichte der weltweiten Mission bietet einen einzig- artigen Schlüssel, um die Globalisierung der Kulturen in der Neuzeit besser zu verstehen. Im Frühjahr 1493 bestätigte Papst Alexander VI. das Anrecht der spanischen Könige auf die neuentdeckten Gebiete jenseits des Atlantiks, wenn sie deren Missionierung betrieben. Damit war ein Grundmuster vorgegeben. Bernhard Maier zeigt, wie Missionare die Unterwerfung der Welt moralisch flankierten, doch dabei bald an Grenzen stießen. Erzwungene Bekehrungen waren selten nachhaltig. Man musste die Sprachen der Heiden erlernen, die Frohe Botschaft übersetzen, Mythen und Rituale christlich deuten, Schulen gründen, medizinische Versorgung bieten, ja, wenn nötig die anvertrauten Völker paternalistisch auch gegen die eigene Kolonialmacht in Schutz nehmen. So änderten sich mit der Mission auch die Religionen in den Missionsgebieten, die christliche Muster übernahmen und teils selbst missionarisch wurden, während viele Missionare einen neuen Sinn für Spiritualität und Ganzheitlichkeit mit nach Hause brachten. Mit diesem anschaulich geschriebenen Buch liegt erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung der neuzeitlichen Mission auf dem aktuellen Forschungsstand vor. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung der christlichen Mission in der Neuzeit Wie Missionare nicht-christliche Kulturen weltweit zerstört, verändert und dokumentiert haben Ein souveräner Überblick auf dem neuesten Forschungsstand




[PDF] Encyclopedia Of The Ancient Maya

Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya PDF
Author: Walter R. T. Witschey
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0759122865
Size: 73.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 540
View: 5701

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Encyclopedia Of The Ancient Maya

by Walter R. T. Witschey, release date 2015-12-24, Encyclopedia Of The Ancient Maya Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of The Ancient Maya books, Encyclopedia of the Ancient Maya provides an A-to-Z overview of the ancient Maya culture from its inception to the Spanish Conquest. Exploring Maya society, celebrations, and achievements, as well as new insights into Maya culture and collapse, this is a sophisticated yet accessible introduction suitable for students and general readers.




[PDF] Archaeology And Bioarchaeology Of Population Movement Among The Prehispanic Maya

Archaeology and Bioarchaeology of Population Movement among the Prehispanic Maya PDF
Author: Andrea Cucina
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319108581
Size: 72.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 159
View: 2578

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Archaeology And Bioarchaeology Of Population Movement Among The Prehispanic Maya

by Andrea Cucina, release date 2014-11-17, Archaeology And Bioarchaeology Of Population Movement Among The Prehispanic Maya Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Archaeology And Bioarchaeology Of Population Movement Among The Prehispanic Maya books, Archaeological evidence - i.e. presence of exogenous, foreign material objects (pottery, obsidian and so on) - is used to make inferences on ancient trade, while population movement can only be assessed when the biological component of an ancient community is analyzed (i.e. the human skeletal remains). But the exchange of goods or the presence of foreign architectural patterns does not necessarily imply genetic admixture between groups, while at the same time humans can migrate for reasons that may not be related only to trading. The Prehispanic Maya were a complex, highly stratified society. During the Classic period, city-states governed over large regions, establishing complex ties of alliance and commerce with the region’s minor centers and their allies, against other city-states within and outside the Maya realm. The fall of the political system during the Classic period (the Maya collapse) led to hypothetical invasions of leading groups from the Gulf of Mexico into the northern Maya lowland at the onset of the Postclassic. However, it is still unclear whether this collapse was already underway when this movement of people started. The whole picture of population dynamics in Maya Prehispanic times, during the Classic and the Postclassic, can slowly emerge only when all the pieces of the puzzle are put together in a holistic and multidisciplinary fashion. The contributions of this volume bring together contributions from archaeology, archaeometry, paleodemography and bioarchaeology. They provide an initial account of the dynamic qualities behind large–scale ancient population dynamics, and at the same time represent novel multidisciplinary points of departure towards an integrated reconstruction and understanding of Prehispanic population dynamics in the Maya region.




[PDF] Archaeologies Of The British In Latin America

Archaeologies of the British in Latin America PDF
Author: Charles E. Orser Jr.
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319954261
Size: 36.12 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 267
View: 796

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Archaeologies Of The British In Latin America

by Charles E. Orser Jr., release date 2018-09-17, Archaeologies Of The British In Latin America Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Archaeologies Of The British In Latin America books, This volume includes chapters by historical archaeologists engaged in original research examining the role of the British Empire in Latin America. The archaeology of Latin America is today a rapidly expanding field, with new research being accomplished every day. Currently, the vast amount of research is being focused on the Spanish Empire and its agents’ interactions with the region’s indigenous peoples. Spain, however, was not the only international power intent on colonizing and controlling Latin America. The British Empire had a smaller albeit significant role in the cultural history of Latin America. This history constitutes an important piece of the historical story of Latin America. Archaeologies of the British in Latin America presents the results of original research and begins a dialogue about the archaeology of the British Empire in Latin America by an international group of archaeological scholars. Fresh insights on the complex history of cultural interaction in one of the world’s most important regions are included. It will be of interest to historical archaeologists, Mesoamerican archaeologists engaged in pre-contact research, Latin American and global historians, Latin American anthropologists, material culture specialists, cultural geographers, and others interested in the cultural history of colonialism in general and in Latin America in particular.




[PDF] Mobility And Migration In Ancient Mesoamerican Cities

Mobility and Migration in Ancient Mesoamerican Cities PDF
Author: M. Charlotte Arnauld
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 164642073X
Size: 15.12 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 391
View: 255

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Mobility And Migration In Ancient Mesoamerican Cities

by M. Charlotte Arnauld, release date 2021-02-01, Mobility And Migration In Ancient Mesoamerican Cities Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mobility And Migration In Ancient Mesoamerican Cities books, Mobility and Migration in Ancient Mesoamerican Cities is the first focused book-length discussion of migration in central Mexico, west Mexico and the Maya region, presenting case studies on population movement in and among Classic, Epiclassic, and Postclassic Mesoamerican societies and polities within the framework of urbanization and de-urbanization. Looking beyond the conceptual dichotomy of sedentism versus mobility, the contributors show that mobility and migration reveal a great deal about the formation, development, and decline of town- and city-based societies in the ancient world. In a series of data-rich chapters that address specific evidence for movement in their respective study areas, an international group of scholars assesses mobility through the isotopic and demographic analysis of human remains, stratigraphic identification of gaps in occupation, and local intensification of water capture in the Maya lowlands. Others examine migration through the integration of historic and archaeological evidence in Michoacán and Yucatán and by registering how daily life changed in response to the influx of new people in the Basin of Mexico. Offering a range of critical insights into the vital and under-studied role that mobility and migration played in complex agrarian societies, Mobility and Migration in Ancient Mesoamerican Cities will be of value to Mesoamericanist archaeologists, ethnohistorians, and bioarchaeologists and to any scholars working on complex societies. Contributors: Jaime J. Awe, Meggan Bullock, Sarah C. Clayton, Andrea Cucina, Véronique Darras, Nicholas P. Dunning, Mélanie Forné, Marion Forest, Carolyn Freiwald, Elizabeth Graham, Nancy Gonlin, Julie A. Hoggarth, Linda Howie, Elsa Jadot, Kristin V. Landau, Eva Lemonnier, Dominique Michelet, David Ortegón Zapata, Prudence M. Rice, Thelma N. Sierra Sosa, Michael P. Smyth, Vera Tiesler, Eric Weaver




[PDF] The Maya World

The Maya World PDF
Author: Scott R. Hutson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351029568
Size: 76.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 888
View: 1068

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The Maya World

by Scott R. Hutson, release date 2020-06-17, The Maya World Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Maya World books, The Maya World brings together over 60 authors, representing the fields of archaeology, art history, epigraphy, geography, and ethnography, who explore cutting-edge research on every major facet of the ancient Maya and all sub-regions within the Maya world. The Maya world, which covers Guatemala, Belize, and parts of Mexico, Honduras, and El Salvador, contains over a hundred ancient sites that are open to tourism, eight of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and many thousands more that have been dug or await investigation. In addition to captivating the lay public, the ancient Maya have attracted scores of major interdisciplinary research expeditions and hundreds of smaller projects going back to the 19th century, making them one of the best-known ancient cultures. The Maya World explores their renowned writing system, towering stone pyramids, exquisitely painted murals, and elaborate funerary tombs as well as their creative agricultural strategies, complex social, economic, and political relationships, widespread interactions with other societies, and remarkable cultural resilience in the face of historical ruptures. This is an invaluable reference volume for scholars of the ancient Maya, including archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists.




[PDF] Historical And Archaeological Perspectives On The Itzas Of Pet N Guatemala

Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on the Itzas of Pet  n  Guatemala PDF
Author: Prudence M. Rice
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
ISBN: 160732668X
Size: 54.74 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 448
View: 1865

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Historical And Archaeological Perspectives On The Itzas Of Pet N Guatemala

by Prudence M. Rice, release date 2018-03-01, Historical And Archaeological Perspectives On The Itzas Of Pet N Guatemala Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Historical And Archaeological Perspectives On The Itzas Of Pet N Guatemala books, Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on the Itzas of Petén, Guatemala is the first exhaustively detailed and thorough account of the Itzas—a Maya group that dominated much of the western lowland area of tropical forest, swamps, and grasslands in Petén, Guatemala. Examining archaeological and historical evidence, Prudence Rice and Don Rice present a theoretical perspective on the Itzas’ origins and an overview of the social, political, linguistic, and environmental history of the area; explain the Spanish view of the Itzas during the Conquest; and explore the material culture of the Itzas as it has been revealed in recent surveys and excavations. The long but fragmented history of the Petén Itzas requires investigation across multiple periods and regions. Chapters in this six-part overview interweave varying data pertaining to this group—archaeological, artifactual, indigenous textual, Spanish historical—from multiple languages and academic fields, such as anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, ecology, and history. Part I introduces the lowland Itzas, northern and southern, with an emphasis on those of the central Petén lakes area. Part II discusses general Itza origins and identities in the Epiclassic period, while part III reviews Spanish perceptions and misconceptions of the Petén Itzas in their Contact-period writings. With these temporal anchors, parts IV and V present the archaeology and artifacts of the Petén Itzas, including pottery, architecture, and arrow points, from varied sites and excavations but primarily focusing on the island capital of Tayza/Nojpetén. Part VI summarizes key data and themes of the preceding chapters for a new understanding of the Petén Itzas. A companion volume to The Kowoj—a similar treatment of the Petén Itzas’ regional neighbors—Historical and Archaeological Perspectives on the Itzas of Petén, Guatemala demonstrates the unique physical, cultural, and social framework that was home to the Petén Itza, along with their backstory in northern Yucatán. Archaeologists, historians, art historians, and geographers who specialize in the Maya and the Postclassic, Contact, and Colonial periods will find this book of particular interest. Contributors: Mark Brenner, Leslie G. Cecil, Charles Andrew Hofling, Nathan J. Meissner, Timothy W. Pugh, Yuko Shiratori




[PDF] The Maya Apocalypse And Its Western Roots

The Maya Apocalypse and Its Western Roots PDF
Author: Matthew Restall
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1538154994
Size: 62.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Civilization, Medieval
Languages : en
Pages : 190
View: 161

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The Maya Apocalypse And Its Western Roots

by Matthew Restall, release date 2021-10-15, The Maya Apocalypse And Its Western Roots Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Maya Apocalypse And Its Western Roots books, "Offers an accessible readable survey of apocalyptic thinking in two civilizations-Western and Maya-driven by a clear and compelling argument. The authors explore why end-of-times anxiety and anticipation is so deeply rooted and persistent in Western civilization"--