[PDF] Mechanics Of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials PDF
Author: Lisa A. Pruitt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107376564
Size: 53.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages :
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Mechanics Of Biomaterials

by Lisa A. Pruitt, release date 2011-10-20, Mechanics Of Biomaterials Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mechanics Of Biomaterials books, Teaching mechanical and structural biomaterials concepts for successful medical implant design, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding for students and newcomers to the field. Split into three sections: Materials, Mechanics and Case Studies, it begins with a review of sterilization, biocompatibility and foreign body response before presenting the fundamental structures of synthetic biomaterials and natural tissues. Mechanical behavior of materials is then discussed in depth, covering elastic deformation, viscoelasticity and time-dependent behavior, multiaxial loading and complex stress states, yielding and failure theories, and fracture mechanics. The final section on clinical aspects of medical devices provides crucial information on FDA regulatory issues and presents case studies in four key clinical areas: orthopedics, cardiovascular devices, dentistry and soft tissue implants. Each chapter ends with a list of topical questions, making this an ideal course textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students, and also a self-study tool for engineers, scientists and clinicians.




[PDF] Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials

Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of Biological Materials PDF
Author: Shaofan Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118402944
Size: 72.42 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 5566

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Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials

by Shaofan Li, release date 2013-03-19, Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials books, Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of BiologicalMaterials A compilation of recent developments in multiscalesimulation and computational biomaterials written by leadingspecialists in the field Presenting the latest developments in multiscale mechanics andmultiscale simulations, and offering a unique viewpoint onmultiscale modelling of biological materials, this book outlinesthe latest developments in computational biological materials fromatomistic and molecular scale simulation on DNA, proteins, andnano-particles, to meoscale soft matter modelling of cells, and tomacroscale soft tissue and blood vessel, and bone simulations.Traditionally, computational biomaterials researchers come frombiological chemistry and biomedical engineering, so this isprobably the first edited book to present work from these talentedcomputational mechanics researchers. The book has been written to honor Professor Wing Liu ofNorthwestern University, USA, who has made pioneering contributionsin multiscale simulation and computational biomaterial in specificsimulation of drag delivery at atomistic and molecular scale andcomputational cardiovascular fluid mechanics via immersed finiteelement method. Key features: Offers a unique interdisciplinary approach to multiscalebiomaterial modelling aimed at both accessible introductory andadvanced levels Presents a breadth of computational approaches for modellingbiological materials across multiple length scales (molecular towhole-tissue scale), including solid and fluid basedapproaches A companion website for supplementary materials plus links tocontributors’ websites (www.wiley.com/go/li/multiscale)




[PDF] Mechanics Of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials PDF
Author: Amir. A Zadpoor
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3038421286
Size: 28.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 7118

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Mechanics Of Biomaterials

by Amir. A Zadpoor, release date 2018-10-04, Mechanics Of Biomaterials Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mechanics Of Biomaterials books, This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Mechanics of Biomaterials" that was published in Materials




[PDF] Biomaterial Mechanics

Biomaterial Mechanics PDF
Author: Heather N. Hayenga
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351648624
Size: 51.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 218
View: 1966

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Biomaterial Mechanics

by Heather N. Hayenga, release date 2017-05-23, Biomaterial Mechanics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Biomaterial Mechanics books, This book describes the fundamental knowledge of mechanics and its application to biomaterials. An overivew of computer modeling in biomaterials is offered and multiple fields where biomaterials are used are reviewed with particular emphasis to the importance of the mechanical properties of biomaterials. The reader will obtain a better understanding of the current techniqus to synthesize, characterize and integrate biomaterials into the human body.




[PDF] Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures

Materiomics  Multiscale Mechanics of Biological Materials and Structures PDF
Author: Markus J. Buehler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709115744
Size: 68.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 149
View: 1683

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Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures

by Markus J. Buehler, release date 2013-11-18, Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures books, Multiscale mechanics of hierarchical materials plays a crucial role in understanding and engineering biological and bioinspired materials and systems. The mechanical science of hierarchical tissues and cells in biological systems has recently emerged as an exciting area of research and provides enormous opportunities for innovative basic research and technological advancement. Such advances could enable us to provide engineered materials and structure with properties that resemble those of biological systems, in particular the ability to self-assemble, to self-repair, to adapt and evolve, and to provide multiple functions that can be controlled through external cues. This book presents material from leading researchers in the field of mechanical sciences of biological materials and structure, with the aim to introduce methods and applications to a wider range of engineers.




[PDF] Characterization Of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials PDF
Author: Ryan K. Roeder
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128070978
Size: 19.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 450
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Characterization Of Biomaterials

by Ryan K. Roeder, release date 2013-03-12, Characterization Of Biomaterials Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Characterization Of Biomaterials books, The design of biomedical devices almost always involves some form of mechanical characterization of biomaterials. This chapter provides a broad overview of experimental methods and important considerations for mechanical characterization of biomaterials, with special attention to the practical needs of engineers and scientists who encounter a need to characterize the mechanical properties of a biomaterial but may not know where to begin or what the key considerations should be. Many details are necessarily omitted from this broad overview, but numerous references are provided for greater technical depth on a particular topic, standardized methodologies, and exemplary studies. Fundamental concepts are introduced, beginning with stress and strain versus force and displacement. The mechanical properties measured from a stress–strain curve, different types of stress–strain curves, and corresponding constitutive models are reviewed, including differences in material classes and anisotropy. Three primary methods of analysis for fracture mechanics are introduced, including stress concentrations, energy criteria for crack initiation and propagation (fracture toughness), and statistical methods for the probability of fracture. The mechanical characterization of biomaterials begins with selection and preparation of standardized test specimens, which are critical to obtaining accurate and reproducible measurements of material properties. Practical considerations are outlined for selection and preparation of the specimen size, geometry, surface finish, and precracking. The mechanical characterization of biomaterial test specimens always involves the application and measurement of load and deformation. Practical considerations are outlined for the selection and use of load frames, load cells, load fixtures, extensometers, and strain gauges. A number of common loading modes are introduced and compared: uniaxial tension, uniaxial compression, biaxial tension, torsion, diametral compression, three-point bending, four-point bending, and in-plane shear (including biomaterial-tissue interfacial shear strength). Strain-rate sensitivity or time-dependent behavior can profoundly influence stress–strain behavior and thus measured mechanical properties. The effects of high strain rates may be characterized by impact testing using a pendulum, drop tower, or split Hopkinson pressure bar. The effects of low strain rates may be characterized by creep deformation or creep rupture tests. The time-dependent behavior of viscoelastic materials is introduced, including creep, stress relaxation, common constitutive models, and practical considerations for testing. The frequency of loading, or cyclic loading, is another aspect of time-dependent behavior, which is critical for mechanical characterization of biomaterials, leading to fatigue deformation and failure or viscoelastic creep and stress relaxation. Practical considerations are described for selecting the waveform, frequency, cyclic stress/strain levels, loading mode, and test duration. Common methods are introduced for fatigue lifetime testing (including S-N curves, notch factors, and fatigue damage), fatigue crack propagation, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Nondestructive tests are particularly useful for sampling small volumes of a biomaterial (e.g., implant retrieval or biopsy) or characterizing spatial heterogeneity in mechanical properties. Various indentation tests and indenter geometries are introduced and compared, including classic hardness (Brinell and Rockwell), microhardness (Knoop and Vickers), and instrumented nanoindentation (Berkovich, cube corner, etc.). Methods and limitations are described for characterizing the reduced modulus, viscoelasticity, and fracture toughness using indentation. Ultrasonic wave-propagation methods are also introduced with an emphasis on methods for characterizing anisotropic elastic constants. Biomaterials are typically subjected to various sterilization methods prior to service and an aqueous physiological environment in service. Therefore, the effects of temperature, pressure, various aqueous media (water, phosphate buffered saline (PBS), media, foetal bovine serum (FBS), lipids, etc.), and irradiation on mechanical characterization of biomaterials are considered, including the degradation of mechanical properties by various mechanisms involving water uptake, hydrolysis, and oxidation. Finally, methods and guidelines are provided for data acquisition from transducers and data analysis, including an introduction to some basic statistical methods.




[PDF] Kontaktmechanik Und Reibung

Kontaktmechanik und Reibung PDF
Author: Valentin L. Popov
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642133029
Size: 46.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 374
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Kontaktmechanik Und Reibung

by Valentin L. Popov, release date 2010-09-24, Kontaktmechanik Und Reibung Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Kontaktmechanik Und Reibung books, Der Band führt in den Zusammenhang von Kontaktmechanik und Reibung ein und ermöglicht damit ein tieferes Verständnis der Tribologie. Die Phänomene Kontakt, Adhäsion, Kapillarkräfte, Reibung, Schmierung und Verschleiß behandelt der Autor unter einem einheitlichen Gesichtspunkt. Er erläutert Methoden zur groben Abschätzung von tribologischen Größen und zur analytischen Berechnung sowie den Übergang zur numerischen Simulation. Die 2. Auflage wurde um ein Kapitel zu Erdbeben und Reibung, einen Abschnitt über Elastohydrodynamik und 10 Aufgaben ergänzt.




[PDF] Mechanics Of Poroelastic Media

Mechanics of Poroelastic Media PDF
Author: A.P.S. Selvadurai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792333296
Size: 46.71 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 398
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Mechanics Of Poroelastic Media

by A.P.S. Selvadurai, release date 1996-01-31, Mechanics Of Poroelastic Media Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Mechanics Of Poroelastic Media books, In Mechanics of Poroelastic Media the classical theory of poroelasticity developed by Biot is developed and extended to the study of problems in geomechanics, biomechanics, environmental mechanics and materials science. The contributions are grouped into sections covering constitutive modelling, analytical aspects, numerical modelling, and applications to problems. The applications of the classical theory of poroelasticity to a wider class of problems will be of particular interest. The text is a standard reference for researchers interested in developing mathematical models of poroelasticity in geoenvironmental mechanics, and in the application of advanced theories of poroelastic biomaterials to the mechanics of biomaterials.




[PDF] The Mechanics Of Trans Catheter And Surgical Heart Valves

The Mechanics of Trans Catheter and Surgical Heart Valves PDF
Author: Lakshmi Dasi
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128145548
Size: 73.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 7133

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The Mechanics Of Trans Catheter And Surgical Heart Valves

by Lakshmi Dasi, release date 2020-06, The Mechanics Of Trans Catheter And Surgical Heart Valves Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Mechanics Of Trans Catheter And Surgical Heart Valves books, The Mechanics of Transcatheter and Surgical Heart Valves: A Guide for Engineers and Clinicians focuses on the fundamental principles of heart valve mechanics, providing a detailed picture of the pros and cons of current devices in the context of their biomechanics, biomaterials, patient complications, and their regulatory and fabrication aspects. The book covers methods and applications that will help readers innovate and design new cardiovascular technology. It is ideal for designers, testers and manufacturers, anyone working in the biomaterials industry on coatings or fabrication materials, or those researching mechanics and heart valve biology. Covers fluid mechanics, solid mechanics and biomaterials concepts Provides the only book on the market to offer this depth of information on prosthetic heart valves Includes flow visualization videos and high-speed valve imaging videos




[PDF] The Science And Engineering Of Cutting

The Science and Engineering of Cutting PDF
Author: Tony Atkins
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080942452
Size: 46.48 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 7230

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The Science And Engineering Of Cutting

by Tony Atkins, release date 2009-07-15, The Science And Engineering Of Cutting Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Science And Engineering Of Cutting books, The materials mechanics of the controlled separation of a body into two or more parts – cutting – using a blade or tool or other mechanical implement is a ubiquitous process in most engineering disciplines. This is the only book available devoted to the cutting of materials generally, the mechanics of which (toughness, fracture, deformation, plasticity, tearing, grating, chewing, etc.) have wide ranging implications for engineers, medics, manufacturers, and process engineers, making this text of particular interest to a wide range of engineers and specialists. * The only book to explain and unify the process and techniques of cutting in metals AND non-metals. The emphasis on biomaterials, plastics and non-metals will be of considerable interest to many, while the transfer of knowledge from non-metals fields offers important benefits to metal cutters * Comprehensive, written with this well-known author’s lightness of touch, the book will attract the attention of many readers in this underserved subject * The clarity of the text is further enhanced by detailed examples and case studies, from the grating of cheese on an industrial scale to the design of scalpels