[PDF] Standards Based Reform And The Poverty Gap

Standards Based Reform and the Poverty Gap PDF
Author: Adam Gamoran
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815730349
Size: 44.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 340
View: 738

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Standards Based Reform And The Poverty Gap

by Adam Gamoran, release date 2008-04-01, Standards Based Reform And The Poverty Gap Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Standards Based Reform And The Poverty Gap books, The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) is the latest in more than two decades of federal efforts to raise educational standards and an even longer stream of initiatives to improve education for poor children. What lessons can we draw from these earlier efforts to help NCLB achieve its goals? In Standards-Based Reform and the Poverty Gap, leading scholars in sociology, economics, psychology, and education policy take on this critical question. Armed with the latest data and up-to-date research syntheses, the authors show that standards-based reform has had some positive effects, particularly in the area of teacher quality. Moreover, some of the critics' greatest fears have not been realized: for example, retention rates have not shot upward. Yet the overall pace of improvement has been slow, owing in part to poor implementation. Based on these findings, the contributors offer recommendations for the implementation and impending reauthorization of NCLB. These proposals, such as national testing and a rethinking of achievement targets, are sure to be at the center of the upcoming debate. Contributors include Thomas Dee, Laura Desimone, George Farkas, Barbara Foorman, Brian Jacob, Robert M. Hauser, Paul Hill, Tom Loveless, Meredith Phillips, Andrew C. Porter, and Thomas Smith.




[PDF] The Oxford Handbook Of Poverty And Child Development

The Oxford Handbook of Poverty and Child Development PDF
Author: Valerie Maholmes, Ph.D., CAS Ph.D.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199772967
Size: 74.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 504
View: 3393

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The Oxford Handbook Of Poverty And Child Development

by Valerie Maholmes, Ph.D., CAS Ph.D., release date 2012-04-01, The Oxford Handbook Of Poverty And Child Development Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Oxford Handbook Of Poverty And Child Development books, Over 15 million children live in families subsisting below the federal poverty level, and there are nearly 4 million more children living in poverty today than in the turn of the 21st century. When compared to their more affluent counterparts, children living in fragile circumstances-including homeless children, children in foster care, and children living in families affected by chronic physical or mental health problems-are more likely to have low academic achievement, to drop out of school, and to have health and behavioral problems. The Oxford Handbook of Poverty and Child Development provides a comprehensive analysis of the mechanisms through which socioeconomic, cultural, familial, and community-level factors impact the early and long-term cognitive, neurobiological, socio-emotional, and physical development of children living in poverty. Leading contributors from various disciplines review basic and applied multidisciplinary research and propose questions and answers regarding the short and long-term impact of poverty, contexts and policies on child developmental trajectories. In addition, the book features analyses involving diverse children of all ages, particularly those from understudied groups (e.g. Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, immigrants) and those from understudied geographic areas (e.g., the rural U.S; international humanitarian settings). Each of the 7 sections begins with an overview of basic biological and behavioral research on child development and poverty, followed by applied analyses of contemporary issues that are currently at the heart of public debates on child health and well-being, and concluded with suggestions for policy reform. Through collaborative, interdisciplinary research, this book identifies the most pressing scientific issues involving poverty and child development, and offers new ideas and research questions that could lead us to develop a new science of research that is multidisciplinary, longitudinal, and that embraces an ecological approach to the study of child development.




[PDF] The Achievement Gap In Reading

The Achievement Gap in Reading PDF
Author: Rosalind Horowitz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317699734
Size: 22.93 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 6691

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The Achievement Gap In Reading

by Rosalind Horowitz, release date 2017-04-07, The Achievement Gap In Reading Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Achievement Gap In Reading books, In this volume prominent scholars, experts in their respective fields and highly skilled in the research they conduct, address educational and reading research from varied perspectives and address what it will take to close the achievement gap—with specific attention to reading. The achievement gap is redefined as a level at which all groups can compete economically in our society and have the literacy tools and habits needed for a good life. Bringing valuable theoretical frameworks and in-depth analytical approaches to interpretation of data, the contributors examine factors that contribute to student achievement inside the school but which are also heavily influenced by out-of-school factors—such as poverty and economics, ethnicity and culture, family and community stratifications, and approaches to measurement of achievement. These out-of-school factors present possibilities for new policies and practice. The overarching theme is that achievement gaps in reading are complex and that multiple perspectives are necessary to address the problem. The breadth and depth of perspectives and content in this volume and its conceptualization of the achievement gap are a significant contribution to the field.




[PDF] Leading Standards Based Education Reform

Leading Standards Based Education Reform PDF
Author: Linda R. Vogel
Publisher: R&L Education
ISBN: 1607099837
Size: 28.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 3173

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Leading Standards Based Education Reform

by Linda R. Vogel, release date 2010-11-16, Leading Standards Based Education Reform Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Leading Standards Based Education Reform books, Standards-based education (SBE) has been the dominant educational reform movement since the early 1980s, reinforced by federal and state accountability systems. This book examines the efforts of educational leaders in implementing SBE to improve student achievement in a variety of demographic contexts but with common challenges.




[PDF] The Colors Of Poverty

The Colors of Poverty PDF
Author: Ann Chih Lin
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610447247
Size: 10.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 344
View: 6695

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The Colors Of Poverty

by Ann Chih Lin, release date 2008-08-14, The Colors Of Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Colors Of Poverty books, Given the increasing diversity of the nation—particularly with respect to its growing Hispanic and Asian populations—why does racial and ethnic difference so often lead to disadvantage? In The Colors of Poverty, a multidisciplinary group of experts provides a breakthrough analysis of the complex mechanisms that connect poverty and race. The Colors of Poverty reframes the debate over the causes of minority poverty by emphasizing the cumulative effects of disadvantage in perpetuating poverty across generations. The contributors consider a kaleidoscope of factors that contribute to widening racial gaps, including education, racial discrimination, social capital, immigration, and incarceration. Michèle Lamont and Mario Small grapple with the theoretical ambiguities of existing cultural explanations for poverty disparities. They argue that culture and structure are not competing explanations for poverty, but rather collaborate to produce disparities. Looking at how attitudes and beliefs exacerbate racial stratification, social psychologist Heather Bullock links the rise of inequality in the United States to an increase in public tolerance for disparity. She suggests that the American ethos of rugged individualism and meritocracy erodes support for antipoverty programs and reinforces the belief that people are responsible for their own poverty. Sociologists Darren Wheelock and Christopher Uggen focus on the collateral consequences of incarceration in exacerbating racial disparities and are the first to propose a link between legislation that blocks former drug felons from obtaining federal aid for higher education and the black/white educational attainment gap. Joe Soss and Sanford Schram argue that the increasingly decentralized and discretionary nature of state welfare programs allows for different treatment of racial groups, even when such policies are touted as "race-neutral." They find that states with more blacks and Hispanics on welfare rolls are consistently more likely to impose lifetime limits, caps on benefits for mothers with children, and stricter sanctions. The Colors of Poverty is a comprehensive and evocative introduction to the dynamics of race and inequality. The research in this landmark volume moves scholarship on inequality beyond a simple black-white paradigm, beyond the search for a single cause of poverty, and beyond the promise of one "magic bullet" solution. A Volume in the National Poverty Center Series on Poverty and Public Policy




[PDF] Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms

Learning from the Federal Market Based Reforms PDF
Author: William J. Mathis
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1681235056
Size: 15.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 715
View: 7351

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Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms

by William J. Mathis, release date 2016-06-01, Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Learning From The Federal Market Based Reforms books, Over the past twenty years, educational policy has been characterized by top?down, market?focused policies combined with a push toward privatization and school choice. The new Every Student Succeeds Act continues along this path, though with decision?making authority now shifted toward the states. These market?based reforms have often been touted as the most promising response to the challenges of poverty and educational disenfranchisement. But has this approach been successful? Has learning improved? Have historically low?scoring schools “turned around” or have the reforms had little effect? Have these narrow conceptions of schooling harmed the civic and social purposes of education in a democracy? This book presents the evidence. Drawing on the work of the nation’s most prominent researchers, the book explores the major elements of these reforms, as well as the social, political, and educational contexts in which they take place. It examines the evidence supporting the most common school improvement strategies: school choice; reconstitutions, or massive personnel changes; and school closures. From there, it presents the research findings cutting across these strategies by addressing the evidence on test score trends, teacher evaluation, “miracle” schools, the Common Core State Standards, school choice, the newly emerging school improvement industry, and re?segregation, among others. The weight of the evidence indisputably shows little success and no promise for these reforms. Thus, the authors counsel strongly against continuing these failed policies. The book concludes with a review of more promising avenues for educational reform, including the necessity of broader societal investments for combatting poverty and adverse social conditions. While schools cannot single?handedly overcome societal inequalities, important work can take place within the public school system, with evidence?based interventions such as early childhood education, detracking, adequate funding and full?service community schools—all intended to renew our nation’s commitment to democracy and equal educational opportunity.




[PDF] The Way Class Works

The Way Class Works PDF
Author: Lois Weis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135909180
Size: 49.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 7612

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The Way Class Works

by Lois Weis, release date 2009-09-10, The Way Class Works Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Way Class Works books, Since the 1980s, the relationship between social class and education has been overshadowed by scholarship more generally targeting issues of race, gender, and representation. Today, with the global economy deeply immersed in social inequalities, there is pressing need for serious class-based analyses of schooling, family life and social structure. The Way Class Works is a collection of twenty-four groundbreaking essays on the material conditions of social class and the ways in which class is produced "on the ground" in educational institutions and families. Written by the most visible and important scholars in education and the social sciences, these timely essays explore the production of class in and through the economy, family, and school, while simultaneously interrogating and challenging our understandings of social class as linked to race, gender, and nation. With essays by distinguished scholars and questions for further reflection and discussion, The Way Class Works will be an invaluable resource for students and scholars in education, sociology, and beyond.




[PDF] Trust Accountability And Capacity In Education System Reform

Trust  Accountability and Capacity in Education System Reform PDF
Author: Melanie Ehren
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000330907
Size: 23.21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 657

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Trust Accountability And Capacity In Education System Reform

by Melanie Ehren, release date 2020-12-29, Trust Accountability And Capacity In Education System Reform Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Trust Accountability And Capacity In Education System Reform books, This global collection brings a new perspective to the field of comparative education by presenting trust, capacity and accountability as the three building blocks of education systems and education system reform. In exploring how these three factors relate to student learning outcomes across different international contexts, this book provides a powerful framework for a more equal system. Drawing upon research and case studies from scholars, policymakers and experts from international agencies across five continents, this book shows how trust, capacity and accountability interact in ways and with consequences that vary among countries, pointing readers towards understanding potential leverage points for system change. Trust, Accountability, and Capacity in Education System Reform illuminates how these three concepts are embedded in an institutional context temporally, socially and institutionally and offers an analysis that will be of use to researchers, policymakers and agencies working in comparative education and towards education system reform. Chapter 11 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429344855




[PDF] Rethinking Education And Poverty

Rethinking Education and Poverty PDF
Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421417685
Size: 14.63 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 286
View: 6808

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Rethinking Education And Poverty

by William G. Tierney, release date 2015-11, Rethinking Education And Poverty Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rethinking Education And Poverty books, In Rethinking Education and Poverty, William G. Tierney brings together scholars from around the world to examine the complex relationship between poverty and education in the twenty-first century. International in scope, this book assembles the best contemporary thinking about how education can mediate class and improve the lives of marginalized individuals. In remarkably nuanced ways, this volume examines education's role as both a possible factor in perpetuating—and a tool for alleviating—entrenched poverty. Education has long been seen as a way out of poverty. Some critics, however, argue that educational systems mask inequality and perpetuate cycles of poverty and wealth; others believe that the innate resilience or intellectual ability of impoverished students is what allows those individuals to succeed. Rethinking Education and Poverty grapples in turn with the ramifications of each possibility. Throughout these compelling, far-reaching, and provocative essays, the contributors seek to better understand how local efforts to reduce poverty through education interact—or fail to interact—with international assessment efforts. They take a broad historical view, examining social, economic, and educational polices from the postWorld War II period to the end of the Cold War and beyond. Although there is no simple solution to inequality, this book makes clear that education offers numerous exciting possibilities for progress.




[PDF] Encyclopedia Of Public Administration And Public Policy 5 Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy   5 Volume Set PDF
Author: Domonic A. Bearfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000031624
Size: 57.99 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 3786
View: 4310

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Encyclopedia Of Public Administration And Public Policy 5 Volume Set

by Domonic A. Bearfield, release date 2020-08-14, Encyclopedia Of Public Administration And Public Policy 5 Volume Set Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Encyclopedia Of Public Administration And Public Policy 5 Volume Set books, Now in its third edition, Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy remains the definitive source for article-length presentations spanning the fields of public administration and public policy. It includes entries for: Budgeting Bureaucracy Conflict resolution Countries and regions Court administration Gender issues Health care Human resource management Law Local government Methods Organization Performance Policy areas Policy-making process Procurement State government Theories This revamped five-volume edition is a reconceptualization of the first edition by Jack Rabin. It incorporates over 225 new entries and over 100 revisions, including a range of contributions and updates from the renowned academic and practitioner leaders of today as well as the next generation of top scholars. The entries address topics in clear and coherent language and include references to additional sources for further study.