[PDF] The Metaphysics Of Science And Aim Oriented Empiricism

The Metaphysics of Science and Aim Oriented Empiricism PDF
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030041433
Size: 76.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 1530

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The Metaphysics Of Science And Aim Oriented Empiricism

by Nicholas Maxwell, release date 2019-03-09, The Metaphysics Of Science And Aim Oriented Empiricism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Metaphysics Of Science And Aim Oriented Empiricism books, This book gives an account of work that I have done over a period of decades that sets out to solve two fundamental problems of philosophy: the mind-body problem and the problem of induction. Remarkably, these revolutionary contributions to philosophy turn out to have dramatic implications for a wide range of issues outside philosophy itself, most notably for the capacity of humanity to resolve current grave global problems and make progress towards a better, wiser world. A key element of the proposed solution to the first problem is that physics is about only a highly specialized aspect of all that there is – the causally efficacious aspect. Once this is understood, it ceases to be a mystery that natural science says nothing about the experiential aspect of reality, the colours we perceive, the inner experiences we are aware of. That natural science is silent about the experiential aspect of reality is no reason whatsoever to hold that the experiential does not objectively exist. A key element of the proposed solution to the second problem is that physics, in persistently accepting unified theories only, thereby makes a substantial metaphysical assumption about the universe: it is such that a unified pattern of physical law runs through all phenomena. We need a new conception, and kind, of physics that acknowledges, and actively seeks to improve, metaphysical presuppositions inherent in the methods of physics. The problematic aims and methods of physics need to be improved as physics proceeds. These are the ideas that have fruitful implications, I set out to show, for a wide range of issues: for philosophy itself, for physics, for natural science more generally, for the social sciences, for education, for the academic enterprise as a whole and, most important of all, for the capacity of humanity to learn how to solve the grave global problems that menace our future, and thus make progress to a better, wiser world. It is not just science that has problematic aims; in life too our aims, whether personal, social or institutional, are all too often profoundly problematic, and in urgent need of improvement. We need a new kind of academic enterprise which helps humanity put aims-and-methods improving meta-methods into practice in personal and social life, so that we may come to do better at achieving what is of value in life, and make progress towards a saner, wiser world. This body of work of mine has met with critical acclaim. Despite that, astonishingly, it has been ignored by mainstream philosophy. In the book I discuss the recent work of over 100 philosophers on the mind-body problem and the metaphysics of science, and show that my earlier, highly relevant work on these issues is universally ignored, the quality of subsequent work suffering as a result. My hope, in publishing this book, is that my fellow philosophers will come to appreciate the intellectual value of my proposed solutions to the mind-body problem and the problem of induction, and will, as a result, join with me in attempting to convince our fellow academics that we need to bring about an intellectual/institutional revolution in academic inquiry so that it takes up its proper task of helping humanity learn how to solve problems of living, including global problems, and make progress towards as good, as wise and enlightened a world as possible.




[PDF] Understanding Scientific Progress

Understanding Scientific Progress PDF
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781557789242
Size: 15.87 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 197

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Understanding Scientific Progress

by Nicholas Maxwell, release date 2017-03-15, Understanding Scientific Progress Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Understanding Scientific Progress books, Science makes astonishing progress in improving our knowledge and understanding of the world but philosophers, by contrast, have made no progress at all in explaining how this progress is possible, despite centuries of effort. Some of the world's greatest thinkers, from Hume, Kant and Mill to Russell and Popper, have struggled to solve philosophical problems about scientific progress, and have failed. Even Einstein confessed he was baffled by the problem of what it means to say of a physical theory that it is "unified", "explanatory", or in possession of what he called "inner perfection". This book sets out to solve the eight most fundamental philosophical problems about scientific progress. These include the problem of induction, the problem of what it means to say of a physical theory that it is "unified", and the problem of specifying precisely what the progress-achieving methods of science are. The enhanced understanding of scientific progress that this provides has important implications both for science, and for our attempts to achieve progress in other areas of human life where progress is urgently needed and much less assured-above all, in the effort to achieve social progress towards a better, wiser world.




[PDF] The Comprehensibility Of The Universe

The Comprehensibility of the Universe PDF
Author: Emeritus Reader in Philosophy of Science Nicholas Maxwell, PH.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198237766
Size: 24.60 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 316
View: 1638

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The Comprehensibility Of The Universe

by Emeritus Reader in Philosophy of Science Nicholas Maxwell, PH., release date 1998, The Comprehensibility Of The Universe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Comprehensibility Of The Universe books, Nicholas Maxwell posits an entirely new conception of science in this lucidly argued criticism of the prevailing view of scientific theory and evidence. His aim is to heal the rift between philosophy and science.




[PDF] Is Science Neurotic

Is Science Neurotic  PDF
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 1860945627
Size: 21.41 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 255
View: 3108

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Is Science Neurotic

by Nicholas Maxwell, release date 2004, Is Science Neurotic Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Is Science Neurotic books, Is Science Neurotic? sets out to show that science suffers from a damaging but rarely noticed methodological disease -- rationalistic neurosis. Assumptions concerning metaphysics, human value and politics, implicit in the aims of science, are repressed, and the malaise has spread to affect the whole academic enterprise, with the potential for extraordinarily damaging long-term consequences.




[PDF] Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment

Karl Popper  Science and Enlightenment PDF
Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1787350398
Size: 42.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 1644

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Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment

by Nicholas Maxwell, release date 2017-09-26, Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment books, Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward.But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down.By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.




[PDF] Dialogue And Universalism

Dialogue and Universalism PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 34.90 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Civilization, Modern
Languages : en
Pages :
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Dialogue And Universalism

by , release date 2005, Dialogue And Universalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Dialogue And Universalism books, Toward synergy of civilizations.




[PDF] Einheit Der Wissenschaften

Einheit der Wissenschaften PDF
Author: Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110875322
Size: 61.20 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 545
View: 7713

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Einheit Der Wissenschaften

by Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, release date 2020-01-20, Einheit Der Wissenschaften Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Einheit Der Wissenschaften books,