[PDF] The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics

The Solvay Councils and the Birth of Modern Physics PDF
Author: Pierre Marage
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 9783034877053
Size: 38.57 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 6140

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The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics

by Pierre Marage, release date 2013-11-13, The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics books, FOREWORD This book came about as a result of two events: an exhibition on the Solvay Physics Councils, held in Brussels in May 1995, and a conference on the same theme which took place at the Free University of Brussels (ULB) on May 1Oth 1995. A book was published in French in conjunction with the exhibition, and much of the present publication is taken from that book. In addition, we have included some of the papers presented at the conference, as we believe they add a further dimension to the history of the Councils. The French term, Conseil Solvay, is usually translated into English as Solvay Conference or Congress. We have elected to retain the particular connotations of the French word Conseil by translating it instead as Council. The Councils were, after all, no ordinary conferences. Only a limited number of participants was invited, hand picked by a scientific committee, who for five to six days took an active part in the sessions and the long discussions that followed. Each day, one or two physicists would present a paper on a subject that had been chosen by the committee to fit in with the overall theme of the Council. The word Conseil expressly implies the gathering of an elite to engage in debate.




[PDF] The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics

The Solvay Councils and the Birth of Modern Physics PDF
Author: Pierre Marage
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 303487703X
Size: 54.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 4251

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The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics

by Pierre Marage, release date 2013-11-11, The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Solvay Councils And The Birth Of Modern Physics books, FOREWORD This book came about as a result of two events: an exhibition on the Solvay Physics Councils, held in Brussels in May 1995, and a conference on the same theme which took place at the Free University of Brussels (ULB) on May 1Oth 1995. A book was published in French in conjunction with the exhibition, and much of the present publication is taken from that book. In addition, we have included some of the papers presented at the conference, as we believe they add a further dimension to the history of the Councils. The French term, Conseil Solvay, is usually translated into English as Solvay Conference or Congress. We have elected to retain the particular connotations of the French word Conseil by translating it instead as Council. The Councils were, after all, no ordinary conferences. Only a limited number of participants was invited, hand picked by a scientific committee, who for five to six days took an active part in the sessions and the long discussions that followed. Each day, one or two physicists would present a paper on a subject that had been chosen by the committee to fit in with the overall theme of the Council. The word Conseil expressly implies the gathering of an elite to engage in debate.




[PDF] The Soul Of Genius

The Soul of Genius PDF
Author: Jeffrey Orens
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1643137158
Size: 26.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 3774

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The Soul Of Genius

by Jeffrey Orens, release date 2021-07-06, The Soul Of Genius Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Soul Of Genius books, A prismatic look at the meeting of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein and the impact these two pillars of science had on the world of physics, which was in turmoil. In 1911, some of the greatest minds in science convened at the First Solvay Conference in Physics, a meeting like no other. Almost half of the attendees had won or would go on to win the Nobel Prize. Over the course of those few days, these minds began to realize that classical physics was about to give way to quantum theory, a seismic shift in our history and how we understand not just our world, but the universe. At the center of this meeting were Marie Curie and a young Albert Einstein. In the years preceding, Curie had faced the death of her husband and soul mate, Pierre. She was on the cusp of being awarded her second Nobel Prize, but scandal erupted all around her when the French press revealed that she was having an affair with a fellow scientist, Paul Langevin. The subject of vicious misogynist and xenophobic attacks in the French press, Curie found herself in a storm that threatened her scientific legacy. Albert Einstein proved an supporter in her travails. They had an instant connection at Solvay. He was young and already showing flourishes of his enormous genius. Curie had been responsible for one of the greatest discoveries in modern science (radioactivity) but still faced resistance and scorn. Einstein recognized this grave injustice, and their mutual admiration and respect, borne out of this, their first meeting, would go on to serve them in their paths forward to making history. Curie and Einstein come alive as the complex people they were in the pages of The Soul of Genius. Utilizing never before seen correspondance and notes, Jeffrey Orens reveals the human side of these brilliant scientists, one who pushed boundaries and demanded equality in a man’s world, no matter the cost, and the other, who was destined to become synonymous with genius.




[PDF] Hermann Haken Und Die Anfangsjahre Der Synergetik

Hermann Haken und die Anfangsjahre der Synergetik PDF
Author: Bernd Kröger
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832535616
Size: 38.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : de
Pages : 396
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Hermann Haken Und Die Anfangsjahre Der Synergetik

by Bernd Kröger, release date 2013, Hermann Haken Und Die Anfangsjahre Der Synergetik Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Hermann Haken Und Die Anfangsjahre Der Synergetik books, Der Stuttgarter Physiker und Mathematiker Hermann Haken (geb. 1927), Mitglied des Ordens "Pour le Merite", ist einer der Vater der quantenmechanischen Lasertheorie und der Begrunder der Synergetik. Diese Biographie zeichnet den wissenschaftlichen Werdegang Hermann Hakens in den ersten funfunddreissig Jahren seines Wirkens nach. Seine Jugend- und Ausbildungsjahre sowie die Darstellung des Wettlaufs zur Lasertheorie zwischen der sog. Stuttgarter Schule und amerikanischen Forschern, bilden den Auftakt des Buches. Mit der Synergetik, einer umfassenden Theorie der Selbstorganisation, konnte Haken dann erklaren, wie in energetisch offenen Systemen - ohne aussere Einwirkungen - aus Unordnung Ordnung entsteht. Die Synergetik erwies sich als Schlussel fur die Erklarung selbstorganisatorischer Prozesse nicht nur in Physik, Chemie und Biologie, sondern auch in Medizin, Okologie, Soziologie und vor allem in der Psychologie. Synergetik beruhrt die Gebiete der nichtlinearen Prozesse, der Komplexitats- und der Chaostheorie.Unter den Anhangen finden sich die fast 600 Arbeiten umfassende Bibliographie Hermann Hakens und ein Verzeichnis seiner Schuler.




[PDF] Neutrality In Twentieth Century Europe

Neutrality in Twentieth century Europe PDF
Author: Rebecka Lettevall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415893771
Size: 19.33 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 351
View: 7066

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Neutrality In Twentieth Century Europe

by Rebecka Lettevall, release date 2012, Neutrality In Twentieth Century Europe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Neutrality In Twentieth Century Europe books, Whether in science or in international politics, neutrality has sometimes been promoted, not only as a viable political alternative but as a lofty ideal – in politics by nations proclaiming their peacefulness, in science as an underpinning of epistemology, in journalism and other intellectual pursuits as a foundation of a professional ethos. Time and again scientists and other intellectuals have claimed their endeavors to be neutral, elevated above the world of partisan conflict and power politics. This volume studies the resonances between neutrality in science and culture and neutrality in politics. By analyzing the activities of scientists, intellectuals, and politicians (sometimes overlapping categories) of mostly neutral nations in the First World War and after, it traces how an ideology of neutralism was developed that soon was embraced by international organizations. This book explores how the notion of neutrality has been used and how a neutralist discourse developed in history. None of the contributions take claims of neutrality at face value – some even show how they were made to advance partisan interests. The concept was typically clustered with notions, such as peace, internationalism, objectivity, rationality, and civilization. But its meaning was changeable – varying with professional, ideological, or national context. As such, Neutrality in Twentieth-Century Europe presents a different perspective on the century than the story of the great belligerent powers, and one in which science, culture, and politics are inextricably mixed.




[PDF] Pursuing The Unity Of Science

Pursuing the Unity of Science PDF
Author: Harmke Kamminga
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317073061
Size: 51.13 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 244
View: 2657

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Pursuing The Unity Of Science

by Harmke Kamminga, release date 2016-05-20, Pursuing The Unity Of Science Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pursuing The Unity Of Science books, From 1918 to the late 1940s, a host of influential scientists and intellectuals in Europe and North America were engaged in a number of far-reaching unity of science projects. In this period of deep social and political divisions, scientists collaborated to unify sciences across disciplinary boundaries and to set up the international scientific community as a model for global political co-operation. They strove to align scientific and social objectives through rational planning and to promote unified science as the driving force of human civilization and progress. This volume explores the unity of science movement, providing a synthetic view of its pursuits and placing it in its historical context as a scientific and political force. Through a coherent set of original case studies looking at the significance of various projects and strategies of unification, the book highlights the great variety of manifestations of this endeavour. These range from unifying nuclear physics to the evolutionary synthesis, and from the democratization of scientific planning to the utopianism of H.G. Wells's world state. At the same time, the collection brings out the substantive links between these different pursuits, especially in the form of interconnected networks of unification and the alignment of objectives among them. Notably, it shows that opposition to fascism, using the instrument of unified science, became the most urgent common goal in the 1930s and 1940s. In addressing these issues, the book makes visible important historical developments, showing how scientists participated in, and actively helped to create, an interwar ideology of unification, and bringing to light the cultural and political significance of this enterprise.




[PDF] Physics In Oxford 1839 1939

Physics in Oxford  1839 1939 PDF
Author: Robert Fox
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198567928
Size: 35.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 363
View: 2487

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Physics In Oxford 1839 1939

by Robert Fox, release date 2005-06-16, Physics In Oxford 1839 1939 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Physics In Oxford 1839 1939 books, This book shows that physics in pre-war Oxford has a colourful and dynamic history. Its examination of physics teaching and research in the university's constituent colleges reveals a unique world that helped to make Oxford physics in the 20th century, a force to rival that of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge.




[PDF] Innovation In Science And Organizational Renewal

Innovation in Science and Organizational Renewal PDF
Author: Thomas Heinze
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137594209
Size: 47.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 290
View: 2028

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Innovation In Science And Organizational Renewal

by Thomas Heinze, release date 2016-07-11, Innovation In Science And Organizational Renewal Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Innovation In Science And Organizational Renewal books, This book looks at the types of new research organizations that drive scientific innovation and how ground-breaking science transforms research fields and their organization. Based on historical case studies and comparative empirical data, the book presents new and thought-provoking evidence that improves our knowledge and understanding about how new research fields are formed and how research organizations adapt to breakthroughs in science. While the book is firmly based in science history, it discusses more general sociological and policy propositions regarding scientific innovations and organizational change. The volume brings together leading scholars both from the United States and Europe.




[PDF] Solvay

Solvay PDF
Author: Kenneth Bertrams
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107024803
Size: 49.22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 630
View: 3039

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Solvay

by Kenneth Bertrams, release date 2013-01-03, Solvay Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Solvay books, "Ernest Solvay, philanthropist and organizer of the world-famous Solvay conferences on physics, discovered a profitable way of making soda ash in 1861. Together with a handful of associates, he laid the foundations of the Solvay company, which successfully branched out into other chemicals, plastics and pharmaceuticals. Since its emergence in 1863, Solvay has maintained world leadership in the production of soda ash. This is the first scholarly book on the history of the Solvay company, which was one of the earliest chemical multinationals and today is among the world's twenty largest chemical companies. It is also one of the largest companies in the field to preserve its family character. The authors analyze the company's 150-year history (1863-2013) from economic, political and social perspectives, showing the enormous impact geopolitical events had on the company and the recent consequences of global competition"--